Difference between revisions of "O2k-Specifications"

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{{Product
{{Technical support}}
|description='''O2k versus multiwell respirometer''': '''O2k''' stands for Oxygraph-2k and '''high-resolution respirometry''', meeting powerful quality criteria securing '''high output''' and pioneering state-of-the-art [[Gnaiger_2012_MitoPathways|comprehensive OXPHOS analysis]] of substrate control and coupling control of mitochondrial function. 'High throughput' stands for '''disposable multiwell''' systems - expensive, with limited scope and extremely high running costs. In respirometry, high throughput is ''not equivalent to high output''.
__TOC__
|product id=* [[Media:MiPNet18.10 O2kvsMultiwell.pdf|'''Open Access: O2k vs multiwell.pdf''']]
{{MitoPedia without banner
|product type=O2k, Feedback
|abbr=
|info=[[MiPNet18.10 O2k versus multiwell|Bioblast pdf]]
|description=[[Image:O2k-Info.png|right|30px|link=Oroboros O2k]]'''O2k versus multiwell respirometer''': '''O2k''' stands for Oroboros O2k and '''[[high-resolution respirometry]]''', meeting powerful quality criteria securing '''high output''' and pioneering state-of-the-art [[Gnaiger_2012_MitoPathways|comprehensive OXPHOS analysis]] of substrate control and coupling control of mitochondrial function. 'High throughput' stands for disposable multiwell systems - expensive, with limited scope and extremely high running costs. In respirometry, high throughput is not equivalent to high output. ''If you’re using a biased instrument, it doesn’t matter how many measurements you take – you’re aiming at the wrong target'' ([[Silver 2012 Penguin Press]]).
|product image=[[Image:O2k-Info.png|right|30px|link=Oxygraph-2k]]
|info= [[MiPNet18.10 O2k-Specifications]], [http://wiki.oroboros.at/images/9/93/Flyer_backside_.png Flyer with specification summary]
}}
}}
 
{{MitoPedia O2k and high-resolution respirometry
{{Publication
|mitopedia O2k and high-resolution respirometry=O2k hardware
|title=[[Image:Logo OROBOROS INSTRUMENTS.jpg|right|60px|link=OROBOROS INSTRUMENTS]] O2k and O2k-MultiSensor system: specifications for respirometry and comprehensive OXPHOS analysis. [[Media:MiPNet18.10 O2kvsMultiwell.pdf |»Bioblast pdf«]]
|info=[http://www.bioblast.at/index.php/File:MiPNet18.10_O2kvsMultiwell.pdf Versions]
|authors=OROBOROS
|year=2015-05-21
|journal=MiPNet
|abstract='''Gnaiger E, Fasching M (2015) O2k and O2k-MultiSensor system: specifications for respirometry and comprehensive OXPHOS analysis. Mitochondr Physiol Network 18.10(05): 1-8.'''
|keywords=O2k-Specifications
|mipnetlab=AT Innsbruck OROBOROS
}}
}}
{{Labeling
|area=Respiration, Instruments;methods
|organism=Human
|model cell lines=Fibroblast
|preparations=Intact cells, Permeabilized cells, Permeabilized tissue, Homogenate, Isolated mitochondria, SMP
|instruments=Oxygraph-2k, TIP2k, O2k-Fluorometer, pH, NO, TPP, Ca, Theory
}}
== Discussion ==
Scientists who have experience with both instruments are invited to extend the discussion:


::» [[Talk:O2k_versus_multiwell_respirometer#Tony_Hickey:_Calibration_is_my_chief_concern |'''Tony Hickey: Calibration is my chief concern''']]
[[File:Questions.jpg|left|40px]]
::» .. and more: [[Talk:O2k versus multiwell respirometer]]
<br />
::» [[Talk:Rogers 2011 PLoS One|XFe for isolated mitochondria - a critical discussion]]
<div class="toccolours mw-collapsible mw-collapsed">
::: <span style="font-size:105%; color:##424242">'''» Keywords'''</span>
<div class="mw-collapsible-content">
::::» [[Gnaiger 2012 MitoPathways|Comprehensive OXPHOS analysis]]
::::» [[High-output, low running costs]]
::::» [[O2k-Publications: Topics]]
::::» [[Power-O2k]]
::::» [[Specifications of the O2k]]'''
</div>
</div>
<br />


== Selected related links ==


::» [http://www.oroboros.at/?low-o2k-running-costs Low running costs for the OROBOROS O2k]
::» [http://www.oroboros.at/?Power-O2k Power-O2k]
::» [[O2k-Publications: Topics]]
::» '''''More details on O2k-Specifications?'' [http://www.oroboros.at/?O2k-Specifications Consult OROBOROS]'''


== Combination of interests ==
:::: [[Gnaiger E|Erich Gnaiger]] is founder and CEO of Oroboros Instruments, and responsible for the development of the O2k in collaboration with the O2k-Team and our partners. A series of methodological publications is the result of positive feedback between his work as faculty staff of the Medical University of Innsbruck, his company initiatives and numerous international cooperations.


== Conflict of interest ==
:: [[Gnaiger E|Erich Gnaiger]] is founder and CEO of OROBOROS INSTRUMENTS, and responsible for the development of the O2k in collaboration with the O2k-Team and our partners. A series of methodological publications is the result of positive feedback between his work as faculty staff of the Medical University of Innsbruck, his company initiatives and numerous international cooperations.


== Selected references ==
== Selected references ==


::* Gnaiger E, Steinlechner-Maran R, Méndez G, Eberl T, Margreiter R (1995) Control of mitochondrial and cellular respiration by oxygen. J Bioenerg Biomembr 27:583-96. [[Gnaiger 1995 J Bioenerg Biomembr |»Bioblast pdf«]]
[[Comparison of respirometric methods]] - [[Talk:Comparison of respirometric methods | Discussion]]
 
::::* Horscroft JA, Kotwica AO, Laner V, West JA, Hennis PJ, Levett DZH, Howard DJ, Fernandez BO, Burgess SL, Ament Z, Gilbert-Kawai ET, Vercueil A, Landis BD, Mitchell K, Mythen MG, Branco C, Johnson RS, Feelisch M, Montgomery HE, Griffin JL, Grocott MPW, Gnaiger E, Martin DS, Murray AJ (2017) Metabolic basis to Sherpa altitude adaptation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:6382–7. - [[Horscroft 2017 Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A |»Bioblast link«]]
 
::::* Lemieux H, Blier PU, Gnaiger E (2017) Remodeling pathway control of mitochondrial respiratory capacity by temperature in mouse heart: electron flow through the Q-junction in permeabilized fibers. Sci Rep 7:2840. - [[Lemieux 2017 Sci Rep |»Bioblast link«]]
 
::::* Lemieux H, Subarsky P, Doblander C, Wurm M, Troppmair J, Gnaiger E (2017) Impairment of mitochondrial respiratory function as an early biomarker of apoptosis induced by growth factor removal. bioRxiv doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/151480. - [[Lemieux 2017 bioRxiv 151480 |»Bioblast link«]]
 
::::* Gnaiger E, Boushel R, Søndergaard H, Munch-Andersen T, Damsgaard R, Hagen C, Díez-Sánchez C, Ara I, Wright-Paradis C, Schrauwen P, Hesselink M, Calbet JAL, Christiansen M, Helge JW, Saltin B (2015) Mitochondrial coupling and capacity of oxidative phosphorylation in skeletal muscle of Inuit and caucasians in the arctic winter. Scand J Med Sci Sports 25 (Suppl 4):126–34. - [[Gnaiger 2015 Scand J Med Sci Sports| »Bioblast link«]]
 
::::* Harrison DK, Fasching M, Fontana-Ayoub M, Gnaiger E (2015) Cytochrome redox states and respiratory control in mouse and beef heart mitochondria at steady-state levels of hypoxia. J Appl Physiol 119:1210-8. - [[Harrison 2015 J Appl Physiol |»Bioblast link«]]
 
::::* Makrecka-Kuka M, Krumschnabel G, Gnaiger E (2015) High-resolution respirometry for simultaneous measurement of oxygen and hydrogen peroxide fluxes in permeabilized cells, tissue homogenate and isolated mitochondria. Biomolecules 5:1319-38. - [[Makrecka-Kuka 2015 Biomolecules |»Bioblast link«]]
 
::::* Gnaiger E (2020) Mitochondrial pathways and respiratory control. An introduction to OXPHOS analysis. 5th ed. Bioenerg Commun:112 pp. »[[Gnaiger 2020 BEC MitoPathways |Bioblast link«]]
 
::::* Pesta D, Gnaiger E (2012) High-resolution respirometry. OXPHOS protocols for human cells and permeabilized fibres from small biopsies of human muscle. Methods Mol Biol 810:25-58. [[Pesta 2012 Methods Mol Biol |»Bioblast link«]]  


::* Steinlechner-Maran R, Eberl T, Kunc M, Margreiter R, Gnaiger E (1996) Oxygen dependence of respiration in coupled and uncoupled endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 271:C2053-61. [[Steinlechner-Maran_1996_Am J Physiol Cell Physiol |»Bioblast pdf«]]
::::* Votion DM, Gnaiger E, Lemieux H, Mouithys-Mickalad A, Serteyn D (2012) Physical fitness and mitochondrial respiratory capacity in horse skeletal muscle. PLoS One 7: e34890. [[Votion 2012 PLoS One ||»Bioblast link«]]


::* Gnaiger E, Méndez G, Hand SC (2000) High phosphorylation efficiency and depression of uncoupled respiration in mitochondria under hypoxia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:11080-5. [[Gnaiger 2000 Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A |»Open Access«]]
::::* Lemieux H, Semsroth S, Antretter H, Höfer D, Gnaiger E (2011) Mitochondrial respiratory control and early defects of oxidative phosphorylation in the failing human heart. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 43:1729–38. - [[Lemieux 2011 Int J Biochem Cell Biol |»Bioblast link«]]


::* Gnaiger E (2001) Bioenergetics at low oxygen: dependence of respiration and phosphorylation on oxygen and adenosine diphosphate supply. Respir Physiol 128:277-97. [[Gnaiger 2001 Respir Physiol |»Bioblast pdf«]]
::::* Pesta D, Hoppel F, Macek C, Messner H, Faulhaber M, Kobel C, Parson W, Burtscher M, Schocke M, Gnaiger E (2011) Similar qualitative and quantitative changes of mitochondrial respiration following strength and endurance training in normoxia and hypoxia in sedentary humans. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 301:R1078–87. - [[Pesta 2011 Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol |»Bioblast link«]]


::* Hütter E, Renner K, Pfister G, Stöckl P, Jansen-Dürr P, Gnaiger E (2004) Senescence-associated changes in respiration and oxidative phosphorylation in primary human fibroblasts. Biochem J 380:919-28. [[Huetter_2004_Biochem J |»Open Access«]]
::::* Scandurra FM, Gnaiger E (2010) Cell respiration under hypoxia: facts and artefacts in mitochondrial oxygen kinetics. Adv Exp Med Biol 662:7-25. - [[Scandurra 2010 Adv Exp Med Biol |»Bioblast link«]]


::* Kuznetsov AV, Schneeberger S, Seiler R, Brandacher G, Mark W, Steurer W, Saks V, Usson Y, Margreiter R, Gnaiger E (2004) Mitochondrial defects and heterogeneous cytochrome ''c'' release after cardiac cold ischemia and reperfusion. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 286:H1633–41. [[Kuznetsov_2004_Am_J_Physiol_Heart_Circ_Physiol |»Open Access«]]
::::* Aguirre E, Rodríguez-Juárez F, Bellelli A, Gnaiger E, Cadenas S (2010) Kinetic model of the inhibition of respiration by endogenous nitric oxide in intact cells. Biochim Biophys Acta 1797:557-65. - [[Aguirre 2010 Biochim Biophys Acta ||»Bioblast link«]]


::* Aragonés J, Schneider M, Van Geyte K, Fraisl P, Dresselaers T, Mazzone M, Dirkx R, Zacchigna S, Lemieux H, Jeoung NH, Lambrechts D, Bishop T, Lafuste P, Diez-Juan A, K Harten S, Van Noten P, De Bock K, Willam C, Tjwa M, Grosfeld A, Navet R, Moons L, Vandendriessche T, Deroose C, Wijeyekoon B, Nuyts J, Jordan B, Silasi-Mansat R, Lupu F, Dewerchin M, Pugh C, Salmon P, Mortelmans L, Gallez B, Gorus F, Buyse J, Sluse F, Harris RA, Gnaiger E, Hespel P, Van Hecke P, Schuit F, Van Veldhoven P, Ratcliffe P, Baes M, Maxwell P, Carmeliet P (2008) Deficiency or inhibition of oxygen sensor Phd1 induces hypoxia tolerance by reprogramming basal metabolism. Nat Genet 40:170-80. [[Aragones 2008 Nat Genet |»Open Access«]] </ref>
::::* Aragonés J, Schneider M, Van Geyte K, Fraisl P, Dresselaers T, Mazzone M, Dirkx R, Zacchigna S, Lemieux H, Jeoung NH, Lambrechts D, Bishop T, Lafuste P, Diez-Juan A, K Harten S, Van Noten P, De Bock K, Willam C, Tjwa M, Grosfeld A, Navet R, Moons L, Vandendriessche T, Deroose C, Wijeyekoon B, Nuyts J, Jordan B, Silasi-Mansat R, Lupu F, Dewerchin M, Pugh C, Salmon P, Mortelmans L, Gallez B, Gorus F, Buyse J, Sluse F, Harris RA, Gnaiger E, Hespel P, Van Hecke P, Schuit F, Van Veldhoven P, Ratcliffe P, Baes M, Maxwell P, Carmeliet P (2008) Deficiency or inhibition of oxygen sensor Phd1 induces hypoxia tolerance by reprogramming basal metabolism. Nat Genet 40:170-80. - [[Aragones 2008 Nat Genet |»Bioblast link«]]


::* Gnaiger E (2008) Polarographic oxygen sensors, the oxygraph and high-resolution respirometry to assess mitochondrial function. In: Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Drug-Induced Toxicity (Dykens JA, Will Y, eds) John Wiley:327-52. [[Gnaiger_2008_POS |»Bioblast pdf«]]
::::* Gnaiger E (2008) Polarographic oxygen sensors, the oxygraph and high-resolution respirometry to assess mitochondrial function. In: Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Drug-Induced Toxicity (Dykens JA, Will Y, eds) John Wiley:327-52. - [[Gnaiger_2008_POS |»Bioblast link«]]


::* Scandurra FM, Gnaiger E (2010) Cell respiration under hypoxia: facts and artefacts in mitochondrial oxygen kinetics. Adv Exp Med Biol 662:7-25. [[Scandurra 2010 Adv Exp Med Biol |»Bioblast pdf«]]
::::* Hütter E, Renner K, Pfister G, Stöckl P, Jansen-Dürr P, Gnaiger E (2004) Senescence-associated changes in respiration and oxidative phosphorylation in primary human fibroblasts. Biochem J 380:919-28. - [[Huetter_2004_Biochem J |»Bioblast link«]]


::* Aguirre E, Rodríguez-Juárez F, Bellelli A, Gnaiger E, Cadenas S (2010) Kinetic model of the inhibition of respiration by endogenous nitric oxide in intact cells. Biochim Biophys Acta 1797:557-65. [[Aguirre 2010 Biochim Biophys Acta ||»Bioblast pdf«]]
::::* Kuznetsov AV, Schneeberger S, Seiler R, Brandacher G, Mark W, Steurer W, Saks V, Usson Y, Margreiter R, Gnaiger E (2004) Mitochondrial defects and heterogeneous cytochrome ''c'' release after cardiac cold ischemia and reperfusion. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 286:H1633–41. - [[Kuznetsov_2004_Am_J_Physiol_Heart_Circ_Physiol |»Bioblast link«]]


::* Votion DM, Gnaiger E, Lemieux H, Mouithys-Mickalad A, Serteyn D (2012) Physical fitness and mitochondrial respiratory capacity in horse skeletal muscle. PLoS One 7: e34890. [[Votion 2012 PLoS One ||»Open Access«]]
::::* Gnaiger E (2001) Bioenergetics at low oxygen: dependence of respiration and phosphorylation on oxygen and adenosine diphosphate supply. Respir Physiol 128:277-97. - [[Gnaiger 2001 Respir Physiol |»Bioblast link«]]


::* Pesta D, Gnaiger E (2012) High-resolution respirometry. OXPHOS protocols for human cells and permeabilized fibres from small biopisies of human muscle. Methods Mol Biol 810:25-58. [[Pesta 2012 Methods Mol Biol |»Bioblast pdf«]]  
::::* Gnaiger E, Méndez G, Hand SC (2000) High phosphorylation efficiency and depression of uncoupled respiration in mitochondria under hypoxia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:11080-5. [[Gnaiger 2000 Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A |»Open Access«]]


::* Gnaiger E (2014) Mitochondrial pathways and respiratory control. An introduction to OXPHOS analysis. 4th ed. Mitochondr Physiol Network 19.12. OROBOROS MiPNet Publications, Innsbruck:80 pp. »[[Gnaiger 2014 MitoPathways |Bioblast pdf«]]
::::* Steinlechner-Maran R, Eberl T, Kunc M, Margreiter R, Gnaiger E (1996) Oxygen dependence of respiration in coupled and uncoupled endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 271:C2053-61. - [[Steinlechner-Maran_1996_Am J Physiol Cell Physiol |»Bioblast link«]]


{{MitoPedia topics|type=Respiration
::::* Gnaiger E, Steinlechner-Maran R, Méndez G, Eberl T, Margreiter R (1995) Control of mitochondrial and cellular respiration by oxygen. J Bioenerg Biomembr 27:583-96. - [[Gnaiger 1995 J Bioenerg Biomembr |»Bioblast link«]]
}}








{{MitoPedia O2k and high-resolution respirometry
|mitopedia O2k and high-resolution respirometry=O2k hardware, O2k-Open Support, O2k-Respirometry, O2k-FluoRespirometry
}}
[[Category:OroboPedia]]
[[Category:OroboPedia]]
[[Category:MitoPedia]]
[[Category:MitoPedia]]

Latest revision as of 10:37, 20 April 2021

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O2k-Specifications


Template NextGen-O2k.jpg
O2k-Open Support


MitoPedia O2k and high-resolution respirometry: O2k-Open Support 



Description

O2k-Info.png

O2k versus multiwell respirometer: O2k stands for Oroboros O2k and high-resolution respirometry, meeting powerful quality criteria securing high output and pioneering state-of-the-art comprehensive OXPHOS analysis of substrate control and coupling control of mitochondrial function. 'High throughput' stands for disposable multiwell systems - expensive, with limited scope and extremely high running costs. In respirometry, high throughput is not equivalent to high output. If you’re using a biased instrument, it doesn’t matter how many measurements you take – you’re aiming at the wrong target (Silver 2012 Penguin Press).


Reference: MiPNet18.10 O2k-Specifications, Flyer with specification summary


MitoPedia O2k and high-resolution respirometry: O2k hardware 


Questions.jpg




Combination of interests

Erich Gnaiger is founder and CEO of Oroboros Instruments, and responsible for the development of the O2k in collaboration with the O2k-Team and our partners. A series of methodological publications is the result of positive feedback between his work as faculty staff of the Medical University of Innsbruck, his company initiatives and numerous international cooperations.


Selected references

Comparison of respirometric methods -  Discussion
  • Horscroft JA, Kotwica AO, Laner V, West JA, Hennis PJ, Levett DZH, Howard DJ, Fernandez BO, Burgess SL, Ament Z, Gilbert-Kawai ET, Vercueil A, Landis BD, Mitchell K, Mythen MG, Branco C, Johnson RS, Feelisch M, Montgomery HE, Griffin JL, Grocott MPW, Gnaiger E, Martin DS, Murray AJ (2017) Metabolic basis to Sherpa altitude adaptation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:6382–7. - »Bioblast link«
  • Lemieux H, Blier PU, Gnaiger E (2017) Remodeling pathway control of mitochondrial respiratory capacity by temperature in mouse heart: electron flow through the Q-junction in permeabilized fibers. Sci Rep 7:2840. - »Bioblast link«
  • Lemieux H, Subarsky P, Doblander C, Wurm M, Troppmair J, Gnaiger E (2017) Impairment of mitochondrial respiratory function as an early biomarker of apoptosis induced by growth factor removal. bioRxiv doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/151480. - »Bioblast link«
  • Gnaiger E, Boushel R, Søndergaard H, Munch-Andersen T, Damsgaard R, Hagen C, Díez-Sánchez C, Ara I, Wright-Paradis C, Schrauwen P, Hesselink M, Calbet JAL, Christiansen M, Helge JW, Saltin B (2015) Mitochondrial coupling and capacity of oxidative phosphorylation in skeletal muscle of Inuit and caucasians in the arctic winter. Scand J Med Sci Sports 25 (Suppl 4):126–34. - »Bioblast link«
  • Harrison DK, Fasching M, Fontana-Ayoub M, Gnaiger E (2015) Cytochrome redox states and respiratory control in mouse and beef heart mitochondria at steady-state levels of hypoxia. J Appl Physiol 119:1210-8. - »Bioblast link«
  • Makrecka-Kuka M, Krumschnabel G, Gnaiger E (2015) High-resolution respirometry for simultaneous measurement of oxygen and hydrogen peroxide fluxes in permeabilized cells, tissue homogenate and isolated mitochondria. Biomolecules 5:1319-38. - »Bioblast link«
  • Gnaiger E (2020) Mitochondrial pathways and respiratory control. An introduction to OXPHOS analysis. 5th ed. Bioenerg Commun:112 pp. »Bioblast link«
  • Pesta D, Gnaiger E (2012) High-resolution respirometry. OXPHOS protocols for human cells and permeabilized fibres from small biopsies of human muscle. Methods Mol Biol 810:25-58. »Bioblast link«
  • Votion DM, Gnaiger E, Lemieux H, Mouithys-Mickalad A, Serteyn D (2012) Physical fitness and mitochondrial respiratory capacity in horse skeletal muscle. PLoS One 7: e34890. |»Bioblast link«
  • Lemieux H, Semsroth S, Antretter H, Höfer D, Gnaiger E (2011) Mitochondrial respiratory control and early defects of oxidative phosphorylation in the failing human heart. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 43:1729–38. - »Bioblast link«
  • Pesta D, Hoppel F, Macek C, Messner H, Faulhaber M, Kobel C, Parson W, Burtscher M, Schocke M, Gnaiger E (2011) Similar qualitative and quantitative changes of mitochondrial respiration following strength and endurance training in normoxia and hypoxia in sedentary humans. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 301:R1078–87. - »Bioblast link«
  • Scandurra FM, Gnaiger E (2010) Cell respiration under hypoxia: facts and artefacts in mitochondrial oxygen kinetics. Adv Exp Med Biol 662:7-25. - »Bioblast link«
  • Aguirre E, Rodríguez-Juárez F, Bellelli A, Gnaiger E, Cadenas S (2010) Kinetic model of the inhibition of respiration by endogenous nitric oxide in intact cells. Biochim Biophys Acta 1797:557-65. - |»Bioblast link«
  • Aragonés J, Schneider M, Van Geyte K, Fraisl P, Dresselaers T, Mazzone M, Dirkx R, Zacchigna S, Lemieux H, Jeoung NH, Lambrechts D, Bishop T, Lafuste P, Diez-Juan A, K Harten S, Van Noten P, De Bock K, Willam C, Tjwa M, Grosfeld A, Navet R, Moons L, Vandendriessche T, Deroose C, Wijeyekoon B, Nuyts J, Jordan B, Silasi-Mansat R, Lupu F, Dewerchin M, Pugh C, Salmon P, Mortelmans L, Gallez B, Gorus F, Buyse J, Sluse F, Harris RA, Gnaiger E, Hespel P, Van Hecke P, Schuit F, Van Veldhoven P, Ratcliffe P, Baes M, Maxwell P, Carmeliet P (2008) Deficiency or inhibition of oxygen sensor Phd1 induces hypoxia tolerance by reprogramming basal metabolism. Nat Genet 40:170-80. - »Bioblast link«
  • Gnaiger E (2008) Polarographic oxygen sensors, the oxygraph and high-resolution respirometry to assess mitochondrial function. In: Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Drug-Induced Toxicity (Dykens JA, Will Y, eds) John Wiley:327-52. - »Bioblast link«
  • Hütter E, Renner K, Pfister G, Stöckl P, Jansen-Dürr P, Gnaiger E (2004) Senescence-associated changes in respiration and oxidative phosphorylation in primary human fibroblasts. Biochem J 380:919-28. - »Bioblast link«
  • Kuznetsov AV, Schneeberger S, Seiler R, Brandacher G, Mark W, Steurer W, Saks V, Usson Y, Margreiter R, Gnaiger E (2004) Mitochondrial defects and heterogeneous cytochrome c release after cardiac cold ischemia and reperfusion. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 286:H1633–41. - »Bioblast link«
  • Gnaiger E (2001) Bioenergetics at low oxygen: dependence of respiration and phosphorylation on oxygen and adenosine diphosphate supply. Respir Physiol 128:277-97. - »Bioblast link«
  • Gnaiger E, Méndez G, Hand SC (2000) High phosphorylation efficiency and depression of uncoupled respiration in mitochondria under hypoxia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:11080-5. »Open Access«
  • Steinlechner-Maran R, Eberl T, Kunc M, Margreiter R, Gnaiger E (1996) Oxygen dependence of respiration in coupled and uncoupled endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 271:C2053-61. - »Bioblast link«
  • Gnaiger E, Steinlechner-Maran R, Méndez G, Eberl T, Margreiter R (1995) Control of mitochondrial and cellular respiration by oxygen. J Bioenerg Biomembr 27:583-96. - »Bioblast link«



MitoPedia O2k and high-resolution respirometry: O2k hardware, O2k-Open Support, O2k-Respirometry, O2k-FluoRespirometry