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Bioblasts - Richard Altmann and MiPArt by Odra Noel
MitoPedia         Terms and abbreviations         Concepts and methods         Oroboros O2k         MiP and biochemistry         Preprints and history



Development of a consistent nomenclature in mitochondrial physiology, in the spirit of Gentle Science

High-resolution terminology - matching measurements at high-resolution

» MitoPedia: Terms and abbreviations - IUPAC guidelines are followed for general terms of physical chemistry[1],[2],[3], extended by concepts of mitochondrial physiology[4] and nonequilibrium thermodynamics[5].


MitoFit news                    

MitoFit Preprint Arch.png

MitoFit Preprint Archives - The Open Access preprint server for mitochondrial physiology and bioenergetics

2019-09-16: On September 2nd, the MitoEAGLE states and rates paper was submitted to Nature Metabolism and is now currently under peer review.
Gnaiger E, Aasander Frostner E, Abdul Karim N, Abumrad NA, Acuna-Castroviejo D, Adiele RC, et al (2019) Mitochondrial respiratory states and rates. MitoFit Preprint Arch doi:10.26124/mitofit:190001.v6.
On World Metrology Day (2019-05-20) the redefinition of the SI units came into force. At this occasion, Version 4 of the MitoEAGLE preprint on 'Mitochondrial respiratory rates and states' was released, in line with our emphasis on SI units for reporting data on mitochondrial respiratory physiology.

MitoPedia: Concepts

» MitoPedia: MiP concepts
» MitoPedia: Respiratory states[4]
» MitoPedia: Respiratory control ratios[4]
» MitoPedia: SUIT
» MitoPedia: Ergodynamics
» MitoFit Quality Control System

MitoPedia: Methods

» MitoPedia: Respirometry
» MitoPedia: Fluorometry
» MitoPedia: Spectrophotometry

MitoPedia: O2k and high-resolution respirometry

» MitoPedia: O2k hardware
» MitoPedia: DatLab
» MitoPedia: SUIT

MitoPedia: MiP and biochemistry

» MitoPedia: Substrates and metabolites
» MitoPedia: Uncouplers
» MitoPedia: Inhibitors
» MitoPedia: Sample preparations
» MitoPedia: Permeabilization agents
» MitoPedia: Media for respirometry
» MitoPedia: Enzymes[6]

MitoPedia: Preprints and history

» MitoPedia: Preprints - New: 2019-02-19
» Mitochondria and bioblasts: Made history

MitoPedia: Links

» List of Links - Mitochondria: Structure and Function
» Mitochondrial Global Network: List of MitoGlobal Societies


» O2k-Protocols
» O2k-Publications: Topics
Bioblast wiki

MitoPedia and Bioblast

The term MitoPedia expresses the link to Wikipedia. We use the MediaWiki software for generating a bottom-up database and glossaries. The 'Bioblast community' of mitochondrial experts is cordially invited to active participation - a vision that may develop further in the future. To make this possible, the Oroboros-team continues to work on the Bioblast website as an information synthase - in the spirit of Gentle Science. ~ Gnaiger Erich 09:20, 18 May 2014 (CEST)



MitoPedia - high-resolution terminology, matching measurements at high-resolution

MitoPedia term: Dihydro-orotate dehydrogenase - another respiratory Complex at the Q-junction.

» Respiratory control ratios beyond the RCR - coupling:

OXPHOS coupling efficiency OXPHOS efficiency,

ROUTINE coupling efficiency ROUTINE efficiency,

ET-coupling efficiency ET-coupling efficiency.

The Blue Book

MitoPathways - The Blue Book

» HRR - high-resolution respirometry was established 25 years ago. This is the first comprehensive methodological summary: Control of mitochondrial and cellular respiration by oxygen. J Bioenerg Biomembr 1995.


  1. Cohen ER, Cvitas T, Frey JG, Holmström B, Kuchitsu K, Marquardt R, Mills I, Pavese F, Quack M, Stohner J, Strauss HL, Takami M, Thor HL (2008) Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, IUPAC Green Book, 3rd Edition, 2nd Printing, IUPAC & RSC Publishing, Cambridge. - »Bioblast link«
  2. International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: Recommendations for terminology and databases for biochemical thermodynamics. - »Open Access«
  3. International Union of Biochemistry (1981) Symbolism and terminology in enzyme kinetics. - »Open Access«
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Gnaiger E (2014) Mitochondrial pathways and respiratory control. An introduction to OXPHOS analysis. 4th ed. Mitochondr Physiol Network 19.12. Oroboros MiPNet Publications, Innsbruck:80 pp. - »Bioblast link«
  5. Gnaiger E (1993) Nonequilibrium thermodynamics of energy transformations. Pure Appl Chem 65:1983-2002. - »Bioblast link«
  6. International Union of Biochemistry (1991) Nomenclature of electron-transfer proteins. Biochim Biophys Acta 1060. - »Open Access«