Hyphenation

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MitoPedia

Hyphenation

Description

Hyphenation is used to connect two words (compound words) or two parts of a word to clarify the meaning of a sentence. The same two words may be hyphenated or not depending on context. Hyphenation may present a problem when searching for a term such as 'Steady state'. It is helpful to write 'steady-state measurement', to clarify that the measurement is performed at steady state, rather than implying that a state measurement is steady. But this does not imply that hyphenation is applied to the 'measurement performed at steady state'. Thus, the key word is 'steady state'. Compound adjectives should be hyphenated (steady-state measurement), but if the compound adjective follows the term (measurement at steady state), hyphenation does not add any information and should be avoided. Find more examples and guidelines in the grammarly blog on Hyphen and in apastyle.apa.org.


Reference: Steady state


MitoPedia concepts: Respiratory state, Respiratory control ratio 



MitoPedia O2k and high-resolution respirometry: Oroboros QM 


MitoPedia topics: BEC 

Communicated by Gnaiger Erich (2020-06-02) last update 2020-11-11

Examples on respiratory states and rates

Changes from MitoFIT preprint Gnaiger 2019 MitoFit Preprint Arch to BEC 2020.1 and extension in Gnaiger 2020 BEC MitoPathways
Some less clear examples
Re-evaluation is required

References

Bioblast linkReferenceYear
Gnaiger E et al ― MitoEAGLE Task Group (2020) Mitochondrial physiology. https://doi.org/10.26124/bec:2020-0001.v1BEC 2020.1

Keywords


Questions.jpg


Click to expand or collaps
Bioblast links: Coupling control - >>>>>>> - Click on [Expand] or [Collapse] - >>>>>>>

1. Mitochondrial and cellular respiratory rates in coupling-control states

OXPHOS-coupled energy cycles. Source: The Blue Book
» Baseline state
Respiratory rate Defining relations Icon
OXPHOS capacity P = -Rox P.jpg mt-preparations
ROUTINE respiration R = -Rox R.jpg living cells
ET capacity E = -Rox E.jpg » Level flow
» Noncoupled respiration - Uncoupler
LEAK respiration L = -Rox L.jpg » Static head
» LEAK state with ATP
» LEAK state with oligomycin
» LEAK state without adenylates
Residual oxygen consumption Rox L = -Rox ROX.jpg
  • Chance and Williams nomenclature: respiratory states
» State 1 —» State 2 —» State 3 —» State 4 —» State 5

2. Flux control ratios related to coupling in mt-preparations and living cells

» Flux control ratio
» Coupling-control ratio
» Coupling-control protocol
FCR Definition Icon
L/P coupling-control ratio L/P L/P coupling-control ratio » Respiratory acceptor control ratio, RCR = P/L
L/R coupling-control ratio L/R L/R coupling-control ratio
L/E coupling-control ratio L/E L/E coupling-control ratio » Uncoupling-control ratio, UCR = E/L (ambiguous)
P/E control ratio P/E P/E control ratio
R/E control ratio R/E R/E control ratio » Uncoupling-control ratio, UCR = E/L
net P/E control ratio (P-L)/E net P/E control ratio
net R/E control ratio (R-L)/E net R/E control ratio

3. Net, excess, and reserve capacities of respiration

Respiratory net rate Definition Icon
P-L net OXPHOS capacity P-L P-L net OXPHOS capacity
R-L net ROUTINE capacity R-L R-L net ROUTINE capacity
E-L net ET capacity E-L E-L net ET capacity
E-P excess capacity E-P E-P excess capacity
E-R reserve capacity E-R E-R reserve capacity

4. Flux control efficiencies related to coupling-control ratios

» Flux control efficiency jZ-Y
» Background state
» Reference state
» Metabolic control variable
Coupling-control efficiency Definition Icon Canonical term
P-L control efficiency jP-L = (P-L)/P = 1-L/P P-L control efficiency P-L OXPHOS-flux control efficiency
R-L control efficiency jR-L = (R-L)/R = 1-L/R R-L control efficiency R-L ROUTINE-flux control efficiency
E-L coupling efficiency jE-L = (E-L)/E = 1-L/E E-L coupling efficiency E-L ET-coupling efficiency » Biochemical coupling efficiency
E-P control efficiency jE-P = (E-P)/E = 1-P/E E-P control efficiency E-P ET-excess flux control efficiency
E-R control efficiency jE-R = (E-R)/E = 1-R/E E-R control efficiency E-R ET-reserve flux control efficiency

5. General

» Basal respiration
» Cell ergometry
» Dyscoupled respiration
» Dyscoupling
» Electron leak
» Electron-transfer-pathway state
» Hyphenation
» Oxidative phosphorylation
» Oxygen flow
» Oxygen flux
» Permeabilized cells
» Phosphorylation system
» Proton leak
» Proton slip
» Respiratory state
» Uncoupling



Questions.jpg


Click to expand or collaps
Bioblast links: Uncoupling - >>>>>>> - Click on [Expand] or [Collapse] - >>>>>>>
Specific
» Artefacts by single dose uncoupling
» ATP synthase
» CCCP
» Coupling-control protocol
» DNP
» Dyscoupled respiration
» FCCP
» Is respiration uncoupled - noncoupled - dyscoupled?
» Noncoupled respiration: Discussion
» Uncoupler
» Uncoupled respiration - see » Noncoupled respiration
» Uncoupling proteins
» Uncoupling protein 1
» Uncoupler titrations - Optimum uncoupler concentration
Respiratory states and control ratios
» Biochemical coupling efficiency
» Coupling-control state
» Electron-transfer-pathway state
» Electron-transfer pathway
E.jpg ET capacity
» E-L coupling efficiency
» Flux control efficiency
» Flux control ratio
» LEAK-control ratio
» LEAK respiration
» Noncoupled respiration
» OXPHOS
» OXPHOS capacity; » State 3
» OXPHOS-control ratio, P/E ratio
» Respiratory acceptor control ratio
» ROUTINE-control ratio
» ROUTINE respiration
» ROUTINE state
» State 3u
» State 4
» Uncoupling-control ratio UCR
General (alphabetical order)
» Adenine nucleotide translocase
» Adenylates
» Electron transfer pathway
» Mitochondrial preparations
» mt-membrane potential
» Oxygen flux
» Phosphorylation system
» Proton leak
» Proton slip
» TIP2k
Other keyword lists
» Template:Keywords: Force and membrane potential