Dymkowska 2020 J Appl Toxicol

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Dymkowska D, Wrzosek A, ZabΕ‚ocki K (2020) Atorvastatin and pravastatin stimulate nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species generation, affect mitochondrial network architecture and elevate nicotinamide N-methyltransferase level in endothelial cells. J Appl Toxicol 41:1076-88.

Β» PMID: 33073877

Dymkowska Dorota, Wrzosek Antoni, ZabΕ‚ocki Krzysztof (2020) J Appl Toxicol

Abstract: Statins belong to the most often prescribed medications, which efficiently normalise hyperlipidaemia and prevent cardiovascular complications in obese and diabetic patients. However, beside expected therapeutic results based on the inhibition of 3-hydroxyl-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, these drugs exert multiple side effects of poorly understood characteristic. In this study, side effects of pravastatin and atorvastatin on EA.hy926 endothelial cell line were investigated. It was found that both statins activate proinflammatory response, elevate nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and stimulate antioxidative response in these cells. Moreover, only slight stimulation of the mitochondrial biogenesis and significant changes in the mitochondrial network organisation have been noted. Although biochemical bases behind these effects are not clear, they may partially be explained as an elevation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity and an increased activating phosphorylation of sirtuin 1 (Sirt1), which were observed in statins-treated cells. In addition, both statins increased nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) protein level that may explain a reduced fraction of methylated histone H3. Interestingly, a substantial reduction of the total level of histone H3 in cells treated with pravastatin but not atorvastatin was also observed. These results indicate a potential additional biochemical target for statins related to reduced histone H3 methylation due to increased NNMT protein level. Thus, NNMT may directly modify gene activity. β€’ Keywords: Endothelium, Mitochondrial metabolism, Nicotinamide N-methyltransferase, Nitric oxide, Reactive oxygen species, Statins β€’ Bioblast editor: Plangger M β€’ O2k-Network Lab: PL Warsaw Zablocki K

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, mt-Biogenesis;mt-density, Pharmacology;toxicology 

Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS  Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Endothelial;epithelial;mesothelial cell  Preparation: Intact cells 

Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k 


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