National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 2017 Fostering integrity in research

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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2017) Fostering integrity in research. The National Academies Press, Washington, DC doi:https://doi.org/10.17226/21896.

» National Academy of Sciences - Open Access

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2017) The National Academies Press, Washington, DC

Abstract: The integrity of knowledge that emerges from research is based on individual and collective adherence to core values of objectivity, honesty, openness, fairness, accountability, and stewardship. Integrity in science means that the organizations in which research is conducted encourage those involved to exemplify these values in every step of the research process. Understanding the dynamics that support – or distort – practices that uphold the integrity of research by all participants ensures that the research enterprise advances knowledge.

The scientific research enterprise is a cornerstone of modern society. In the United States alone, the public and private sectors invest hundreds of billions of dollars and countless hours of highly skilled labor into the generation, validation, and dissemination of new knowledge every year. This investment delivers enormous benefits to society in the form of better health, enhanced understanding of the natural world, and new technologies that boost economic growth and improve life in myriad ways.

The integrity of knowledge that emerges from research is based on individual and collective adherence to core values of objectivity, honesty, openness, fairness, accountability, and stewardship.


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