MiPNet12.23 FiberRespiration

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Publications in the MiPMap
Lemieux H, Votion DM, Gnaiger E (2007) Mitochondrial respiration in permeabilized fibres: Needle biopsies from horse skeletal muscle. Mitochondr Physiol Network 12.23.

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O2k-Protocols contents

OROBOROS (2007) Mitochondr Physiol Network

Abstract: O2k-Protocol for Mitochondrial Respiration in Permeabilized Fibres: Needle Biopsies from Horse Skeletal Muscle

Methodological and conceptual features of highresolution respirometry are illustrated in an experiment with permeabilized fibres in the OROBOROS Oxygraph- 2k (O2k). The experiment demonstrates manual titrations applied to study respiratory capacity in permeabilized fibres. Application of the DatLab 4 software is shown for on-line data analysis MiPNet12.09 The following guideline describes the experimental protocol and includes a short discussion of results. The experiments was carried out by participants of an O2k-Course on HRR in December 2007 (IOC44; Schroecken, Austria).

MiPNet12.23.jpg

Figure 1. Oxygen concentration ([μM] blue line) and oxygen flux per mg wet weight of muscle ([pmol∙s-1∙mg-1] red lines) in O2k chamber B, in permeabilized fibres from horse skeletal muscle with the standard titration protocol.

A multiple substrate-uncoupler-inhibitor titration protocol (Fig. 1) was developed for respiratory studies of permeabilized muscle fibres. The experiment was aimed at an assessment of a sequence of titrations, inducing stepwise defined respiratory states.


  1. LEAK state, L: Non-phosphorylating resting state with substrates for Complex I (glutamate+malate; GMN; without adenalytes, N).
  2. OXPHOS capacity with Complex I substrates, P: Respiratory capacity in the active coupled state (with ADP, GMD).
  3. Cytochrome c test for quality control: Further addition of cytochrome c yields a test for integrity of the outer mitochondrial membrane (loss of cytochrome c would be indicated by a stimulation of respiration).
  4. OXPHOS capacity with Complex I+II substrates, P: Respiratory stimulation by convergent electron flow from Complexes I+II at the Q-junction, in the coupled state after further addition of succinate, as an estimate of OXPHOS capacity (Gnaiger 2009).
  5. Electron transfer system (ETS) capacity with CI+II substrates, E: Uncoupling by FCCP titration (avoiding inhibition by high FCCP concentrations), as a test for limitation of OXPHOS relative to ETS capacity by the phosphorylation system.
  6. ETS capacity with CII substrate, E: ETS capacity with succinate, after blocking Complex I with rotenone.
  7. Residual oxygen consumption (ROX) due to oxidative side reactions in the permeabilized fibres, estimated after addition of Antimycin A (Inhibitor of Complex III).


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>> Product: OROBOROS Oxygraph-2k, O2k-Catalogue


O2k-Network Lab: AT_Innsbruck_OROBOROS, BE_Liege_Votion DM


Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Instruments;methods 


Organism: Horse  Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle  Preparation: Permeabilized tissue 

Regulation: Coupling efficiency;uncoupling, Cyt c  Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ETS"ETS" is not in the list (LEAK, ROUTINE, OXPHOS, ET) of allowed values for the "Coupling states" property. 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k, Protocol"Protocol" is not in the list (Oxygraph-2k, TIP2k, O2k-Fluorometer, pH, NO, TPP, Ca, O2k-Spectrophotometer, O2k-Manual, O2k-Protocol, ...) of allowed values for the "Instrument and method" property. 

O2k-Demo 

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  • Version 1: 2007
  • Version 6: 2011-12-11