Dubinin 2021 Membranes (Basel)

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Publications in the MiPMap
Dubinin MV, Semenova AA, Nedopekina DA, Davletshin EV, Spivak AY, Belosludtsev KN (2021) Effect of F16-betulin conjugate on mitochondrial membranes and its role in cell death initiation. Membranes (Basel) 11:352.

Β» PMID: 34068772 Open Access

Dubinin Mikhail V, Semenova Alena A, Nedopekina Darya A, Davletshin Eldar V, Spivak Anna Yu, Belosludtsev Konstantin N (2021) Membranes (Basel)

Abstract: This work demonstrates the effects of a newly synthesized conjugate of the plant triterpenoid betulin and the penetrating cation F16 used for mitochondrial targeting. The resulting F16-betulin conjugate revealed a mitochondria-targeted effect, decreasing the mitochondrial potential and inducing superoxide overproduction in rat thymocytes in vitro. It has been suggested that this may cause the cytotoxic effect of the conjugate, which significantly exceeds the effectiveness of its precursors, betulin and F16. Using isolated rat liver mitochondria, we found that the F16-betulin conjugate has a surface-active effect on mitochondrial membranes, causing organelle aggregation. This effect of the derivative resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in mitochondrial transmembrane potential, as well as suppression of respiration and oxidative phosphorylation, especially in the case of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-fueled organelles. In addition, the F16-betulin conjugate caused an increase in H2O2 generation by mitochondria fueled with glutamate and malate. These effects of the derivative can presumably be due to the powerful suppression of the redox activity of complex I of the mitochondrial electron transport chain. The paper discusses how the mitochondria-targeted effects of the F16-betulin conjugate may be related to its cytotoxic effects. β€’ Keywords: F16, Betulin, Thymocytes, Mitochondria, Oxidative phosphorylation, ROS β€’ Bioblast editor: Reiswig R

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology 

Organism: Rat  Tissue;cell: Liver  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria  Enzyme: Complex I, Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase, Complex III, Complex IV;cytochrome c oxidase 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, S  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 


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