Chowdhury 2010 Diabetes

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Chowdhury SK, Zherebitskaya E, Smith DR, Akude E, Chattopadhyay S, Jolivalt CG, Calcutt NA, Fernyhough P (2010) Mitochondrial respiratory chain dysfunction in dorsal root ganglia of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and its correction by insulin treatment. Diabetes 59:1082-91.

Β» PMID: 20103706 Open Access

Chowdhury SK, Zherebitskaya E, Smith DR, Akude E, Chattopadhyay S, Jolivalt CG, Calcutt NA, Fernyhough P (2010) Diabetes

Abstract: Objective: Impairments in mitochondrial physiology may play a role in diabetic sensory neuropathy. We tested the hypothesis that mitochondrial dysfunction in sensory neurons is due to abnormal mitochondrial respiratory function.

Research design and methods: Rates of oxygen consumption were measured in mitochondria from dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of 12- to- 22-week streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats, diabetic rats treated with insulin, and age-matched controls. Activities and expression of components of mitochondrial complexes and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were analyzed.

Results: Rates of coupled respiration with pyruvate + malate (P + M) and with ascorbate + TMPD (Asc + TMPD) in DRG were unchanged after 12 weeks of diabetes. By 22 weeks of diabetes, respiration with P + M was significantly decreased by 31-44% and with Asc + TMPD by 29-39% compared with control. Attenuated mitochondrial respiratory activity of STZ-diabetic rats was significantly improved by insulin that did not correct other indices of diabetes. Activities of mitochondrial complexes I and IV and the Krebs cycle enzyme, citrate synthase, were decreased in mitochondria from DRG of 22-week STZ-diabetic rats compared with control. ROS levels in perikarya of DRG neurons were not altered by diabetes, but ROS generation from mitochondria treated with antimycin A was diminished compared with control. Reduced mitochondrial respiratory function was associated with downregulation of expression of mitochondrial proteins.

Conclusions: Mitochondrial dysfunction in sensory neurons from type 1 diabetic rats is associated with impaired rates of respiratory activity and occurs without a significant rise in perikaryal ROS. β€’ Keywords: Dorsal root ganglia, Diabetes

β€’ O2k-Network Lab: CA Winnipeg Fernyhough P

Labels: MiParea: Respiration  Pathology: Diabetes  Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS, Mitochondrial disease  Organism: Rat  Tissue;cell: Nervous system  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS  Pathway: N, CIV  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

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