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Banday 2020 J Am Heart Assoc

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Banday AA, Lokhandwala MF (2020) Renal dopamine oxidation and inflammation in high salt fed rats. J Am Heart Assoc 9:e014977.

Β» PMID: 31880979 Open Access

Banday AA, Lokhandwala MF (2020) J Am Heart Assoc

Abstract: Oxidative stress and high salt intake could be independent or intertwined risk factors in the origin of hypertension. Kidneys are the major organ to regulate sodium homeostasis and blood pressure and the renal dopamine system plays a pivotal role in sodium regulation during sodium replete conditions. Oxidative stress has been implicated in renal dopamine dysfunction and development of hypertension, especially in salt-sensitive animal models. Here we show the nexus between high salt intake and oxidative stress causing renal tubular dopamine oxidation, which leads to mitochondrial and lysosomal dysfunction and subsequently causes renal inflammation and hypertension.

Male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into the following groups, vehicle (V)-tap water, high salt (HS)-1% NaCl, L-buthionine-sulfoximine (BSO), a prooxidant, and HS plus BSO without and with antioxidant resveratrol (R) for 6 weeks. Oxidative stress was significantly higher in BSO and HS+BSO-treated rat compared with vehicle; however, blood pressure was markedly higher in the HS+BSO group whereas an increase in blood pressure in the BSO group was modest. HS+BSO-treated rats had significant renal dopamine oxidation, lysosomal and mitochondrial dysfunction, and increased renal inflammation; however, HS alone had no impact on organelle function or inflammation. Resveratrol prevented oxidative stress, dopamine oxidation, organelle dysfunction, inflammation, and hypertension in BSO and HS+BSO rats.

These data suggest that dopamine oxidation, especially during increased sodium intake and oxidative milieu, leads to lysosomal and mitochondrial dysfunction and renal inflammation with subsequent increase in blood pressure. Resveratrol, while preventing oxidative stress, protects renal function and mitigates hypertension. β€’ Keywords: Dopamine, Dopamine receptor, Hypertension, Inflammation, Lysosomal enzymes, Mitochondrial respiration β€’ Bioblast editor: Plangger M

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style, Pharmacology;toxicology 

Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS  Organism: Rat  Tissue;cell: Kidney  Preparation: Homogenate 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

Labels, 2020-01, Resveratrol