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Visker 2024 Exp Physiol

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Visker JR, Leszczynski EC, Wellette-Hunsucker AG, McPeek AC, Quinn MA, Kim SH, Bazil JN, Ferguson DP (2024) Postnatal growth restriction alters myocardial mitochondrial energetics in mice.

ยป Exp Physiol [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 38180279 Open Access

Visker Joseph R, Leszczynski Eric C, Wellette-Hunsucker Austin G, McPeek Ashley C, Quinn Melissa A, Kim Seong Hyun, Bazil Jason N, Ferguson David P (2024) Exp Physiol

Abstract: Postnatal growth restriction (PGR) can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) potentially due to impairments in oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) within cardiomyocyte mitochondria. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if PGR impairs cardiac metabolism, specifically OxPhos. FVB (Friend Virus B-type) mice were fed a normal-protein (NP: 20% protein), or low-protein (LP: 8% protein) isocaloric diet 2 weeks before mating. LP dams produce โˆผ20% less milk, and pups nursed by LP dams experience reduced growth into adulthood as compared to pups nursed by NP dams. At birth (PN1), pups born to dams fed the NP diet were transferred to LP dams (PGR group) or a different NP dam (control group: CON). At weaning (PN21), all mice were fed the NP diet. At PN22 and PN80, mitochondria were isolated for respirometry (oxygen consumption rate, JO2) and fluorimetry (reactive oxygen species emission, JH2O2) analysis measured as baseline respiration (LEAK) and with saturating ADP (OxPhos). Western blotting at PN22 and PN80 determined protein abundance of uncoupling protein 3, peroxiredoxin-6, voltage-dependent anion channel and adenine nucleotide translocator 1 to provide further insight into mitochondrial function. ANOVAs with the main effects of diet, sex and age with ฮฑ-level of 0.05 was set a priori. Overall, PGR (7.8 ยฑ 1.1) had significant (P = 0.01) reductions in respiratory control in complex I when compared to CON (8.9 ยฑ 1.0). In general, our results show that PGR led to higher electron leakage in the form of free radical production and reactive oxygen species emission. No significant diet effects were found in protein abundance. The observed reduced respiratory control and increased ROS emission in PGR mice may increase risk for CVD in mice. โ€ข Keywords: Cardiovascular disease, Development, Growth restriction, Mitochondrial function, Oxidative stress, Reactive oxygen species โ€ข Bioblast editor: Plangger M โ€ข O2k-Network Lab: US MI East Lansing Bazil JN

Labels: MiParea: Respiration 

Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Heart  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS  Pathway: F, N, S, NS  HRR: Oxygraph-2k