Vercesi 2013 Abstract MiP2013
|Vercesi AE (2013) Mitochondrial respiration, Ca2+ transport and oxidative stress: Fungi, trypanosomes, plants and mammals. Mitochondr Physiol Network 18.08.|
Vercesi AE (2013)
I will present an overview on our contributions to the field of mitochondrial bioenergetics in fungi, trypanosomes, plants and mammals. I will start by describing the experimental conditions that allowed for the stoichiometric measurements between oxygen consumption, electron flow through the respiratory system, Ca2+ uptake by mitochondria and the outward pumping of protons by rat heart mitochondria respiring on NAD-linked substrates. We showed that the transfer of two electrons from NADH to O2 was accompanied by the outward pumping of 10-12 H+. These experiments also originated the first observation indicating that Ca2+ release from mitochondria could be stimulated by the oxidized state of mitochondrial pyridine nucleotides. Further studies on these mechanisms provided evidence that Ca2+ plus prooxidants, including NAD(P)H oxidants, open the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP) suggesting the redox nature of the PTP. These studies have significantly contributed to the current understanding on the participation of mitochondria in the process of cell death that occurs under conditions of tissue oxidative stress. The studies with mammalian mitochondria provided the background for research carried out in plants, fungi and protozoa. In plants and fungi we discovered the plant mitochondrial uncoupling protein (PUMP) and that plants have a family of uncoupling mitochondrial proteins, consisting of up to six members that are fundamental for plant defence against biotic and abiotic stresses. In protozoa, the use of digitonin to permeabilize the cell membrane to small molecules, nucleotides and probes permitted the characterization of energy-linked mitochondrial functions in situ including the description of the Ca2+ uniporter in these parasites. In addition, I will present more recent studies characterizing molecular mechanisms of mitochondrial participation in the processes of degenerative diseases such as hyperlipidemias.
• O2k-Network Lab: BR Campinas Vercesi AE
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Comparative MiP;environmental MiP Pathology: Other Stress:Cell death, Permeability transition, Oxidative stress;RONS Organism: Rat, Other invertebrates, Fungi, Plants, Protists Tissue;cell: Heart Preparation: Permeabilized cells, Isolated mitochondria Enzyme: Uncoupling protein Regulation: Calcium, Coupling efficiency;uncoupling, Ion;substrate transport, Redox state Coupling state: OXPHOS Pathway: N HRR: Oxygraph-2k
Dept Clinical Pathology, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil. - Email: [email protected]
Supported by Brazilian agencies Fapesp, CNPq, Faepex-Unicamp