Skorkowski 1984 Comp Biochem Physiol
|Skorkowski EF, Aleksandrowicz Z, Scisłowski PW, Swierczyński J (1984) Evidence for the role of malic enzyme in the rapid oxidation of malate by cod heart mitochondria. Comp Biochem Physiol B 77:379-84.|
Abstract: Mitochondria isolated from the heart of cod (Gadus morrhua callarias) oxidized malate as the only exogenous substrate very rapidly. Pyruvate only slightly increased malate oxidation by these mitochondria. This is in contrast with the mitochondria isolated from rat and rabbit heart which oxidized malate very slowly unless pyruvate was added. Arsenite and hydroxymalonate (an inhibitor of malic enzyme) inhibited the respiration rate of mitochondria isolated from cod heart, when malate was the only exogenous substrate. Inhibition caused by hydroxymalonate was reversed by the addition of pyruvate. In the presence of arsenite, malate was converted to pyruvate by cod heart mitochondria. Cod heart mitochondria incubated in the medium containing Triton X-100 catalyzed the reduction of NADP+ in the presence of L-malate and Mn2+ at relatively high rate (about 160 nmoles NADPH formed/min/mg mitochondrial protein). The oxidative decarboxylation of malate was also taking place when NADP+ was replaced by NAD+ (about 25 nmol NADH formed per min per mg mitochondrial protein). These results suggest that the mitochondria contain both NAD+- and NADP+-linked malic enzymes. These two activities were eluted from DEAE-Sephacel as two independent peaks. It is concluded that malic enzyme activity (presumably both NAD+- and NADP+-linked) is responsible for the rapid oxidation of malate (as the only external substrate) by cod heart mitochondria.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Comparative MiP;environmental MiP
Organism: Rat, Rabbit, Fishes Tissue;cell: Heart Preparation: Isolated mitochondria