Price 2016 J Thermal Biol

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Price ER, Sirsat TS, Sirsat SKG, Kang G, Keereetaweep J, Aziz M, Chapman KD, Dzialowski EM (2016) Thermal acclimation in American alligators: Effects of temperature regime on growth rate, mitochondrial function, and membrane composition. J Thermal Biol p11.

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Price ER, Sirsat TS, Sirsat SKG, Kang G, Keereetaweep J, Aziz M, Chapman KD, Dzialowski EM (2016) J Thermal Biol

Abstract: We investigated the ability of juvenile American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) to acclimate to temperature with respect to growth rate. We hypothesized that alligators would acclimate to cold temperature by increasing the metabolic capacity of skeletal muscles and the heart. Additionally, we hypothesized that lipid membranes in the thigh muscle and liver would respond to low temperature, either to maintain fluidity (via increased unsaturation) or to maintain enzyme reaction rates (via increased docosahexaenoic acid). Alligators were assigned to one of 3 temperature regimes beginning at 9 mo of age: constant warm (30 °C), constant cold (20 °C), and daily cycling for 12 h at each temperature. Growth rate over the following 7 mo was highest in the cycling group, which we suggest occurred via high digestive function or feeding activity during warm periods and energy-saving during cold periods. The warm group also grew faster than the cold group. Heart and liver masses were proportional to body mass, while kidney was proportionately larger in the cold group compared to the warm animals. Whole-animal metabolic rate was higher in the warm and cycling groups compared to the cold group – even when controlling for body mass – when assayed at 30 °C, but not at 20 °C. Mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation capacity in permeabilized fibers of thigh muscle and heart did not differ among treatments. Membrane fatty acid composition of the brain was largely unaffected by temperature treatment, but adjustments were made in the phospholipid headgroup composition that are consistent with homeoviscous adaptation. Thigh muscle cell membranes had elevated polyunsaturated fatty acids in the cold group relative to the cycling group, but this was not the case for thigh muscle mitochondrial membranes. Liver mitochondria from cold alligators had elevated docosahexaenoic acid, which might be important for maintenance of reaction rates of membrane-bound enzymes. Keywords: Basking, Growth, Mitochondria, Fatty acid composition, Metabolic rate, Acclimation

O2k-Network Lab: US TX Denton Dzialowski EM

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, mt-Membrane, Comparative MiP;environmental MiP 

Stress:Temperature  Organism: Reptiles  Tissue;cell: Heart, Skeletal muscle  Preparation: Permeabilized tissue 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, S, CIV, NS, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k