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Phielix 2012 Diabetes

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Phielix E, Meex R, Ouwens DM, Sparks LM, Hoeks J, Schaart G, Moonen-Kornips E, Hesselink MK, Schrauwen P (2012) High oxidative capacity due to chronic exercise training attenuates lipid-induced insulin resistance. Diabetes 61:2472-8.

» PMID: 22787138

Phielix E, Meex R, Ouwens DM, Sparks LM, Hoeks J, Schaart G, Moonen-Kornips E, Hesselink MK, Schrauwen P (2012) Diabetes

Abstract: Fat accumulation in skeletal muscle combined with low mitochondrial oxidative capacity is associated with insulin resistance (IR). Endurance-trained athletes, characterized by a high oxidative capacity, have elevated intramyocellular lipids, yet are highly insulin sensitive. We tested the hypothesis that a high oxidative capacity could attenuate lipid-induced IR. Nine endurance-trained (age = 23.4 ± 0.9 years; BMI = 21.2 ± 0.6 kg/m(2)) and 10 untrained subjects (age = 21.9 ± 0.9 years; BMI = 22.8 ± 0.6 kg/m(2)) were included and underwent a clamp with either infusion of glycerol or intralipid. Muscle biopsies were taken to perform high-resolution respirometry and protein phosphorylation/expression. Trained subjects had ∼32% higher mitochondrial capacity and ∼22% higher insulin sensitivity (P < 0.05 for both). Lipid infusion reduced insulin-stimulated glucose uptake by 63% in untrained subjects (P < 0.05), whereas this effect was blunted in trained subjects (29%, P < 0.05). In untrained subjects, lipid infusion reduced oxidative and nonoxidative glucose disposal (NOGD), whereas trained subjects were completely protected against lipid-induced reduction in NOGD, supported by dephosphorylation of glycogen synthase. We conclude that chronic exercise training attenuates lipid-induced IR and specifically attenuates the lipid-induced reduction in NOGD. Signaling data support the notion that high glucose uptake in trained subjects is maintained by shuttling glucose toward storage as glycogen. Keywords: Lipid-induced insulin resistance (IR), nonoxidative glucose disposal (NOGD), exercise training, glucose

O2k-Network Lab: NL Maastricht Schrauwen P, DE Duesseldorf Roden M, US FL Orlando Sparks LM

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style, mt-Medicine  Pathology: Diabetes  Stress:Mitochondrial disease  Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle  Preparation: Permeabilized tissue 

Regulation: Aerobic glycolysis, Substrate  Coupling state: OXPHOS 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

BMI, VO2max