Paech 2018b Toxicology

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Paech F, Abegg VF, Duthaler U, Terracciano L, Bouitbir J, Krähenbühl S (2018) Sunitinib induces hepatocyte mitochondrial damage and apoptosis in mice. Toxicology 409:13-23.

» PMID: 30031043

Paech F, Abegg VF, Duthaler U, Terracciano L, Bouitbir J, Kraehenbuehl S (2018) Toxicology

Abstract: Reports concerning hepatic mitochondrial toxicity of sunitinib are conflicting. We therefore decided to conduct a toxicological study in mice. After having determined the highest dose that did not affect nutrient ingestion and body weight, we treated mice orally with sunitinib (7.5 mg/kg/day) for 2 weeks. At the end of treatment, peak sunitinib plasma concentrations were comparable to those achieved in humans and liver concentrations were approximately 25-fold higher than in plasma. Sunitinib did not affect body weight, but increased plasma ALT activity 6-fold. The activity of enzyme complexes of the electron transport chain (ETC) was decreased numerically in freshly isolated and complex III activity significantly in previously frozen liver mitochondria. In previously frozen mitochondria, sunitinib decreased NADH oxidase activity concentration-dependently in both treatment groups. The hepatic mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) content and superoxide dismutase 2 expression were increased in sunitinib-treated mice. Protein and mRNA expression of several subunits of mitochondrial enzyme complexes were decreased in mitochondria from sunitinib-treated mice. Protein expression of PGC-1α, citrate synthase activity and mtDNA copy number were all decreased in livers of sunitinib-treated mice, indicating impaired mitochondrial proliferation. Caspase 3 activation and TUNEL-positive hepatocytes were increased in livers of sunitinib-treated mice, indicating hepatocyte apoptosis. In conclusion, sunitinib caused concentration-dependent toxicity in isolated mitochondria at concentrations reached in livers in vivo and inhibited hepatic mitochondrial proliferation. Daily mitochondrial insults and impaired mitochondrial proliferation most likely explain hepatocellular injury observed in mice treated with sunitinib.

Keywords: Apoptosis, Hepatotoxicity, Mitochondrial toxicity, PGC-1α, Reactive oxygen species (ROS), Sunitinib Bioblast editor: Plangger M, Kandolf G O2k-Network Lab: CH Basel Kraehenbuehl S


Labels: MiParea: Respiration, mtDNA;mt-genetics, Pharmacology;toxicology 

Stress:Cell death, Cryopreservation  Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Liver  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria  Enzyme: Complex I, Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase, Complex III, Complex IV;cytochrome c oxidase 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, S, DQ, CIV, NS, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

2018-08