Ouillon 2021 J Exp Biol

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Ouillon N, Sokolov EP, Otto S, Rehder G, Sokolova IM (2021) Effects of variable oxygen regimes on mitochondrial bioenergetics and reactive oxygen species production in a marine bivalve Mya arenaria. J Exp Biol 224:jeb237156.

Β» PMID: 33436367

Ouillon Natascha, Sokolov Eugene P, Otto Stefan, Rehder Gregor, Sokolova Inna M (2021) J Exp Biol

Abstract: Estuarine and coastal benthic organisms often experience fluctuations in oxygen levels that can negatively impact their mitochondrial function and aerobic metabolism. To study these impacts, we exposed a common sediment-dwelling bivalve, the soft-shell clam Mya arenaria, for 21 days to chronic hypoxia (PO2∼4.1 kPa), cyclic hypoxia (PO2∼12.7-1.9 kPa, mean=5.7 kPa), or normoxia (PO2∼21.1 kPa). pH was manipulated to mimic the covariation in CO2/pH and oxygen levels in coastal hypoxic zones. Mitochondrial respiration, including the proton leak, the capacity for oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), the maximum activity of the electron transport system (ETS), reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and activity and oxygen affinity of cytochrome c oxidase (CCO) were assessed. Acclimation to constant hypoxia did not affect the studied mitochondrial traits except for a modest decrease in the OXPHOS coupling efficiency. Cyclic hypoxia had no effect on the OXPHOS or ETS capacity, but increased the proton leak and lowered the mitochondrial OXPHOS coupling efficiency. Furthermore, mitochondria of clams acclimated to cyclic hypoxia had higher rates of ROS generation compared with the clams acclimated to normoxia or chronic hypoxia. CCO activity was upregulated under the cyclic hypoxia, but oxygen affinity of CCO did not change. These findings indicate that long-term cyclic hypoxia has a stronger impact on the mitochondria of M. arenaria than chronic hypoxia and might lead to impaired ATP synthesis, higher costs of the mitochondrial maintenance and oxidative stress. These changes might negatively affect populations of M. arenaria in the coastal Baltic Sea under increasing hypoxia pressure. β€’ Keywords: Bivalve, Chronic hypoxia, Cyclic hypoxia, Electron leak, Mitochondrial proton leak, Oxidative phosphorylation, Oxidative stress β€’ Bioblast editor: Plangger M β€’ O2k-Network Lab: DE Rostock Sokolova I

Labels: MiParea: Respiration 


HRR: Oxygraph-2k 


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