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Odorcyk 2021 Mol Neurobiol

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Odorcyk FK, Ribeiro RT, Roginski AC, Duran-Carabali LE, Couto-Pereira NS, Dalmaz C, Wajner M, Netto CA (2021) Differential age-dependent mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and apoptosis induced by neonatal hypoxia-ischemia in the immature rat brain. Mol Neurobiol 58:2297-308.

Β» PMID: 33417220

Odorcyk FK, Ribeiro RT, Roginski AC, Duran-Carabali LE, Couto-Pereira NS, Dalmaz C, Wajner M, Netto CA (2021) Mol Neurobiol

Abstract: Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is among the main causes of mortality and morbidity in newborns. Experimental studies show that the immature rat brain is less susceptible to HI injury, suggesting that changes that occur during the first days of life drastically alter its susceptibility. Among the main developmental changes observed is the mitochondrial function, namely, the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and respiratory complex (RC) activities. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the influence of neonatal HI on mitochondrial functions, redox homeostasis, and cell damage at different postnatal ages in the hippocampus of neonate rats. For this purpose, animals were divided into four groups: sham postnatal day 3 (ShP3), HIP3, ShP11, and HIP11. We initially observed increased apoptosis in the HIP11 group only, indicating a higher susceptibility of these animals to brain injury. Mitochondrial damage, as determined by flow cytometry showing mitochondrial swelling and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, was also demonstrated only in the HIP11 group. This was consistent with the decreased mitochondrial oxygen consumption, reduced TCA cycle enzymes, and RC activities and induction of oxidative stress in this group of animals. Considering that HIP3 and the sham animals showed no alteration of mitochondrial functions, redox homeostasis, and showed no apoptosis, our data suggest an age-dependent vulnerability of the hippocampus to hypoxia-ischemia. The present results highlight age-dependent metabolic differences in the brain of neonate rats submitted to HI indicating that different treatments might be needed for HI newborns with different gestational ages. β€’ Keywords: Brain development, Brain metabolism, Mitochondrial function, Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI), Oxidative stress β€’ Bioblast editor: Plangger M

Labels: MiParea: Respiration 

Stress:Ischemia-reperfusion  Organism: Rat 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k