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Bioblasts - Richard Altmann and MiPArt by Odra Noel
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Normothermia in endotherms is a state when body core temperature is regulated within standard limits. In humans, normothermia is considered as a body temperature of 36.4 to 37.8 °C. Normothermia, however, has a different definition in the context of ectotherms. » MiPNet article

Reference: Sund-Levander 2002 Scand J Caring Sci

MitoPedia concepts: MiP concept 

Normothermia: from endotherms to ectotherms

Publications in the MiPMap
Gnaiger E (2014) Normothermia: from endotherms to ectotherms. Mitochondr Physiol Network 2014-04-18.


Oroboros (2014) MiPNet

Abstract: Experimental temperature in general and in comparative mitochondrial physiology has become a hot topic where normothermia needs careful consideration.

O2k-Network Lab: AT Innsbruck Gnaiger E


Regulation: Temperature 

HRR: Theory 

Are mitochondria ectothermic organisms?

Isolated mitochondria and cells in culture are effectively ectothermic. In either case, the physiological background defines the proper normothermic experimental conditions. Many studies on mammalian mt-preparations have been carried out at 25 °C or 30 °C, which are effectively hypothermic. The normothermic temperature of 37 °C is close to the core temperature of many mammals, but should be increased to a higher temperature for many birds.

Related terms in MitoPedia


» O2k-Publications: Temperature