Nabeebaccus 2017 JCI Insight
|Nabeebaccus AA, Zoccarato A, Hafstad AD, Santos CX, Aasum E, Brewer AC, Zhang M, Beretta M, Yin X, West JA, Schröder K, Griffin JL, Eykyn TR, Abel ED, Mayr M, Shah AM (2017) Nox4 reprograms cardiac substrate metabolism via protein O-GlcNAcylation to enhance stress adaptation. JCI Insight 2:96184.|
Abstract: Cardiac hypertrophic remodeling during chronic hemodynamic stress is associated with a switch in preferred energy substrate from fatty acids to glucose, usually considered to be energetically favorable. The mechanistic interrelationship between altered energy metabolism, remodeling, and function remains unclear. The ROS-generating NADPH oxidase-4 (Nox4) is upregulated in the overloaded heart, where it ameliorates adverse remodeling. Here, we show that Nox4 redirects glucose metabolism away from oxidation but increases fatty acid oxidation, thereby maintaining cardiac energetics during acute or chronic stresses. The changes in glucose and fatty acid metabolism are interlinked via a Nox4-ATF4-dependent increase in the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway, which mediates the attachment of O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAcylation) to the fatty acid transporter CD36 and enhances fatty acid utilization. These data uncover a potentially novel redox pathway that regulates protein O-GlcNAcylation and reprograms cardiac substrate metabolism to favorably modify adaptation to chronic stress. Our results also suggest that increased fatty acid oxidation in the chronically stressed heart may be beneficial.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Genetic knockout;overexpression
Organism: Mouse Tissue;cell: Heart Preparation: Isolated mitochondria
Coupling state: LEAK, ET Pathway: F, N HRR: Oxygraph-2k