Mandella 1975 J Biol Chem
|Mandella RD, Sauer LA (1975) The mitochondrial malic enzymes. I. Submitochondrial localization and purification and properties of the NAD(P)+-dependent enzyme from adrenal cortex. J Biol Chem 250:5877-84.|
Abstract: Rat and calf adrenal cortex homogenates were found to contain three different malic enzymes. Two were strictly NADP+-dependent and were localized, one each, in the cytosol and the mitochondrial fractions, respectively. These two enzymes appear to be identical to those described by Simpson and Estabrook (Simpson, E. R., and Estabrook, R. W. (1969) Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 129, 384-395). The third was NAD(P)+-linked and was present in the mitochondrial fraction only. All three malic enzymes separated as distinct bands during electrophoresis on 5 percent polyacrylamide slab gels at pH 9.0. Marker enzymes and the mitochondrial malic enzymes migrated together in intact mitochondria during sucrose density gradient centrifugations despite changes in the equilibrium position of the mitochondria promoted by energy-dependent calcium phosphate accumulation. In adrenal cortex mitochondria subfractionated by the method of Sottocasa et al. (SOTTOCASA, G.L., KUYLENSTIERNA, B., ERNSTER, L., and BERGSTAND, A. (1967) J. Cell Biol. 32, 415-438), both malic enzymes were associated with the inner membrane-matrix space. Sonication solubilized the two malic enzymes along with the matrix space marker enzymes. The NAD(P)+-dependent malic enzyme was purified 100-fold from calf adrenal cortex mitochondria. The final preparation was free of malic dehydrogenase, fumarase, the strictly NADP+-linked malic enzyme and adenylate kinase. Either Mn24 orMg2+ was required for activity and 1 mol of pyruvate was formed for each mole of NAD+ and NADP+ reduced. The pH optima with NAD+ and NADP+ were 6.5 tp 7.0 and 6.0 to 6.5, respectively. Michaelis-Menten kinetics were observed on the alkaline side. Fumarate, succinate, and isocitrate were positive and ATP and ADP were negative modulators of the regulatory enzyme. The modulators did not influence the stoichiometry and they were not metabolized during the reaction. Under Vmax conditions the ratios for the rate of NAD+:NADP+ reduction were 1.76 and 1.15 at pH 7.4 and 6.0, respectively. The apparent Michaelis constants also differed depending on the pH and the coenzyme. At pH 7.4 (in the presence of 5 mM fumarate) and at pH 6.0 (no fumarate) the Km values for (-)-malate, NAD+, and Mn2+ were 1.7, 0.16, and 0.15 mM, and 0.31, 0.06, and 0.09 mM, respectively. At pH 7.4 (5MM fumarate) and pH 6.0 (no fumarate), the Km values for (-)-malate, NADP+, and Mn2+ were 6.5, 0.62, and 0.59 mM, and 0.68. 0.12, and 0.31 mM, respectively. The apparent Ki values for ATP with NAD+ and NADP+ as coenzyme were 0.42 and 0.27 mM, respectively.
Organism: Rat, Bovines Tissue;cell: Nervous system Preparation: Enzyme
Regulation: ADP, ATP, Inhibitor, Substrate