Lerchner 2019 Anal Bioanal Chem
|Lerchner J, Sartori MR, Volpe POL, Lander N, Mertens F, Vercesi AE (2019) Direct determination of anaerobe contributions to the energy metabolism of Trypanosoma cruzi by chip calorimetry. Anal Bioanal Chem 411:3763-68.|
Abstract: We describe a chip calorimetric technique that allows the investigation of biological material under anoxic conditions in a micro-scale and in real time. Due to the fast oxygen exchange through the sample flow channel wall, the oxygen concentration inside the samples could be switched between atmospheric oxygen partial pressure to an oxygen concentration of 0.5% within less than 2 h. Using this technique, anaerobic processes in the energy metabolism of Trypanosoma cruzi could be studied directly. The comparison of the calorimetric and respirometric response of T. cruzi cells to the treatment with the mitochondrial inhibitors oligomycin and antimycin A and the uncoupler FCCP revealed that the respiration-related heat rate is superimposed by strong anaerobic contributions. Calorimetric measurements under anoxic conditions and with glycolytic inhibitors showed that anaerobic metabolic processes contribute from 30 to 40% to the overall heat production rate. Similar basal and antimycin A heat rates with cells under anoxic conditions indicated that the glycolytic rates are independent of the oxygen concentration which confirms the absence of the "Pasteur effect" in Trypanosomes.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration
Preparation: Intact cells
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET Pathway: ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k