Kuznetsov 1997 Biochim Biophys Acta
|Kuznetsov AV, Winkler K, Kirches E, Lins H, Feistner H, Kunz WS (1997) Application of inhibitor titrations for the detection of oxidative phosphorylation defects in saponin-skinned muscle fibers of patients with mitochondrial diseases. Biochim Biophys Acta 1360:142-50.|
Abstract: Inhibitor titrations were applied to characterize functional changes in mitochondrial energy metabolism in the skeletal muscle of patients with mitochondrial diseases. For this we titrated the maximal mitochondrial respiration rate of saponin-skinned muscle fibers isolated from the skeletal muscle biopsy with the specific inhibitors of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation complexes I, IV and V-rotenone, azide and oligomycin. For three patients with deletions of mitochondrial DNA and one patient with a complex I deficiency the titrations revealed at rather normal respiration activities of saponin-skinned fibers significant differences to healthy controls: (i) The inhibitor titration curves of the affected enzyme were much steeper and (ii) for almost complete inhibition of respiration a smaller amount of the inhibitor is necessary. The detailed analysis of the titration curves within the framework of metabolic control theory indicated elevated flux control coefficients of the respective complex of respiratory chain. On the other hand, for one patient with a mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, decreased respiration activities of skinned fibers but no redistribution of flux control was observed. We conclude, therefore, that application of inhibitor titrations and the quantitative description of the titration curve can be a valuable approach to elucidate functional defects of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation.
• Keywords: Mitochondrial disease; Saponin-skinned muscle fiber; Inhibitor titration; Metabolic control analysis; Flux control coefficient
- Gnaiger E (2020) Mitochondrial pathways and respiratory control. An introduction to OXPHOS analysis. 5th ed. Bioenerg Commun 2020.2:112 pp. doi:10.26124/bec:2020-0002
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, mt-Medicine, Patients Pathology: Inherited
Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle Preparation: Permeabilized tissue Enzyme: Complex I, Complex III, Complex IV;cytochrome c oxidase, Complex V;ATP synthase Regulation: Inhibitor, Threshold;excess capacity Coupling state: OXPHOS