Jang 2018 Shock
|Jang DH, Orloski CJ, Owiredu S, Shofer FS, Greenwood JC, Eckmann DM (2018) Alterations in mitochondrial function in blood cells obtained from patients with sepsis presenting to an emergency department. Shock 51:580-84.|
Abstract: Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated as a key cellular event leading to organ dysfunction in sepsis. Our objective is to measure changes in mitochondrial bioenergetics in subjects with early presentation of sepsis to provide insight into the incompletely understood pathophysiology of the dysregulated host response in sepsis.
Prospective observational study SETTING:: Single site tertiary academic emergency department
We enrolled a total of 48 subjects were enrolled in the study, 10 with sepsis or septic shock, 10 with infection without sepsis, 14 older and 14 younger healthy controls.
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were measured with high-resolution respirometry (Oroboros O2K).
The median age in patients with sepsis, infection only, older control and younger controls were 63, 34, 61, and 39 years old, respectively. In the Sepsis group, the median 1st 24-hour SOFA score was 8, and the initial median lactate was 4.2 mmol/dL, compared to 1.1 in the Infection Group. The 30-day mortality of the sepsis/septic shock group was 50%, with a median length of stay of 7-days. The Sepsis Group had significantly lower routine and Max respiration when compared to the other groups as well as uncoupled Complex I respiration. There was also a significant decrease in ATP-linked respiration along with the Spare Reserve Capacity in the Sepsis Group when compared to the other group. There were no age-related differences in respiration between the Older and Younger control group.
Bedside measurement of mitochondrial respiration can be minimally invasive and performed in a timely manner. Mitochondrial dysfunction, detected by decreased oxygen consumption utilized for energy production and depleted cellular bioenergetics reserve.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration Pathology: Aging;senescence, Sepsis
Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Blood cells
Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET Pathway: ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k
Labels, 2018-08, PBMC