Haugen 2003 Am J Clin Nutr

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Haugen HA, Melanson EL, Tran ZV, Kearney JT, Hill JO (2003) Variability of measured resting metabolic rate. Am J Clin Nutr 78: 1141-1145.

» PMID: 14668276 Open Access

Haugen HA, Melanson EL, Tran ZV, Kearney JT, Hill JO (2003) Am J Clin Nutr


The necessity of a 12-h fast before resting metabolic rate (RMR) is measured is often a barrier to measuring RMR.


We compared RMR measurements obtained in the morning and afternoon and across repeated days to elucidate the magnitude and sources of variability.


Healthy men (n = 12) and women (n = 25) aged 21-67 y, with body mass indexes (in kg/m(2)) ranging from 17 to 34 and body fat ranging from 6% to 54%, completed 4 RMR measurements. RMR measurements were made in the morning (after a 12-h fast and 12 h postexercise) and in the afternoon (after a 4-h fast and 12 h postexercise) on 2 separate days with the ventilated-hood technique. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.


Mean (+/- SE) afternoon RMR was significantly higher than morning RMR on both visit 1 (1593.5 +/- 35.6 compared with 1508.0 +/- 31.5 kcal/d; P = 0.001) and visit 2 (1602 +/- 29.3 compared with 1511.4 +/- 35.9 kcal/d; P = 0.001). The 2 morning measurements (r = 0.93) and the 2 afternoon measurements (r = 0.93) were highly correlated, and no significant differences between measurements were observed. The mean difference between the morning and afternoon measurements was 99.0 +/- 35.8 kcal/d (6%).


Repeated morning and evening measurements of RMR were stable and highly correlated. Day-to-day measurements of RMR were not significantly different. RMR measured in the afternoon after a 4-h fast and exercise was approximately 100 kcal/d higher than RMR measured in the morning.

Keywords: Resting metabolic rate


Organism: Human