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Garcia-Roche 2022 J Dairy Sci

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
García-Roche M, Talmón D, Cañibe G, Astessiano AL, Mendoza A, Quijano C, Cassina A, Carriquiry M (2022) Differential hepatic mitochondrial function and gluconeogenic gene expression in 2 Holstein strains in a pasture-based system.

» J Dairy Sci 105:5723-37. PMID: 35599026 Open Access

Garcia-Roche Mercedes,  Talmon Daniel,  Canibe Guillermo,  Astessiano Ana Laura,  Mendoza Alejandro,  Quijano Celia,  Cassina Adriana,  Carriquiry Mariana (2022) J Dairy Sci

Abstract: The objective of this study was to assess hepatic ATP synthesis in Holstein cows of North American and New Zealand origins and the gluconeogenic pathway, one of the pathways with the highest ATP demands in the ruminant liver. Autumn-calving Holstein cows of New Zealand and North American origins were managed in a pasture-based system with supplementation of concentrate that represented approximately 33% of the predicted dry matter intake during 2017, 2018, and 2019, and hepatic biopsies were taken during mid-lactation at 174 ± 23 days in milk. Cows of both strains produced similar levels of solids-corrected milk, and no differences in body condition score were found. Plasma glucose concentrations were higher for cows of New Zealand versus North American origin. Hepatic mitochondrial function evaluated measuring oxygen consumption rates showed that mitochondrial parameters related to ATP synthesis and maximum respiratory rate were increased for cows of New Zealand compared with North American origin. However, hepatic gene expression of pyruvate carboxylase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, and pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase was increased in North American compared with New Zealand cows. These results altogether suggest an increased activity of the tricarboxylic cycle in New Zealand cows, leading to increased ATP synthesis, whereas North American cows pull tricarboxylic cycle intermediates toward gluconeogenesis. The fact that this occurs during mid-lactation could account for the increased persistency of North American cows, especially in a pasture-based system. In addition, we observed an augmented mitochondrial density in New Zealand cows, which could be related to feed efficiency mechanisms. In sum, our results contribute to the elucidation of hepatic molecular mechanisms in dairy cows in production systems with higher inclusion of pastures. Keywords: Holstein-Friesian, Dairy cows, Gluconeogenesis, Grazing, Intermediary metabolism Bioblast editor: Plangger M O2k-Network Lab: UY Montevideo Radi R

Labels: MiParea: Respiration 

Organism: Bovines  Tissue;cell: Liver  Preparation: Intact cells 

Regulation: ATP production  Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, S, NS, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k