Garcia-Roche 2019 PLoS One
|García-Roche M, Casal A, Mattiauda DA, Ceriani M, Jasinsky A, Mastrogiovanni M, Trostchansky A, Carriquiry M, Cassina A, Quijano C (2019) Impaired hepatic mitochondrial function during early lactation in dairy cows: Association with protein lysine acetylation. PLoS One 14:e0213780.|
Abstract: Early lactation is an energy-deming period for dairy cows which may lead to negative energy balance, threatening animal health consequently productivity. Herein we studied hepatic mitochondrial function in Holstein-Friesian multiparous dairy cows during lactation, under two different feeding strategies. During the first 180 days postpartum the cows were fed a total mixed ration (70% forage: 30% concentrate) ad libitum (non-grazing group, G0) or grazed Festuca arundinacea or Mendicago sativa plus supplementation (grazing group, G1). From 180 to 250 days postpartum, all cows grazed Festuca arundinacea were supplemented with total mixed ration. Mitochondrial function was assessed measuring oxygen consumption rate in liver biopsies revealed that maximum respiratory rate decreased significantly in grazing cows during early lactation, yet was unchanged in non-grazing cows during the lactation curve. While no differences could be found in mitochondrial content or oxidative stress markers, a significant increase in protein lysine acetylation was found in grazing cows during early lactation but not in cows from the non-grazing group. Mitochondrial acetylation positively correlated with liver triglycerides β-hydroxybutyrate plasma levels, well-known markers of negative energy balance, while a negative correlation was found with the maximum respiratory rate sirtuin 3 levels. To our knowledge this is the first report of mitochondrial function in liver biopsies of dairy cows during lactation. On the whole our results indicate that mitochondrial function is impaired during early lactation in grazing cows that acetylation may account for changes in mitochondrial function in this period. Additionally, our results suggest that feeding total mixed ration during early lactation may be an efficient protective strategy.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style
Organism: Bovines Tissue;cell: Liver Preparation: Intact cells
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET Pathway: N, S, NS, ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k