Chang 2017 J Biol Chem

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Chang JS, Ha K (2017) An unexpected role for the transcriptional coactivator isoform NT-PGC-1α in the regulation of mitochondrial respiration in brown adipocytes. J Biol Chem 292:9958-66.

» PMID: 28473468

Chang JS, Ha K (2017) J Biol Chem

Abstract: Brown adipose tissue dissipates energy as heat, a process that relies on a high abundance of mitochondria and high levels of electron transport chain (ETC) complexes within these mitochondria. Two regulators of mitochondrial respiration and heat production in brown adipocytes are the transcriptional coactivator PGC-1α and its splicing isoform NT-PGC-1α, which control mitochondrial gene expression in the nucleus. Surprisingly, we found that, in brown adipocytes, some NT-PGC-1α localizes to mitochondria, whereas PGC-1α resides in the nucleus. Here we sought to investigate the role of NT-PGC-1α in brown adipocyte mitochondria. Immunocytochemistry, immunotransmission electron microscopy, and biochemical analyses indicated that NT-PGC-1α was located in the mitochondrial matrix in brown adipocytes. NT-PGC-1α was specifically enriched at the D-loop region of the mtDNA, which contains the promoters for several essential ETC complex genes, and was associated with LRP130, an activator of mitochondrial transcription. Selective expression of NT-PGC-1α and PGC-1α in PGC-1α-/- brown adipocytes similarly induced expression of nuclear DNA-encoded mitochondrial ETC genes, including the key mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM). Despite having comparable levels of TFAM expression, PGC-1α-/- brown adipocytes expressing NT-PGC-1α had higher expression of mtDNA-encoded ETC genes than PGC-1α-/- brown adipocytes expressing PGC-1α, suggesting a direct effect of NT-PGC-1α on mtDNA transcription. Moreover, this increase in mtDNA-encoded ETC gene expression was associated with enhanced respiration in NT-PGC-1α-expressing PGC-1α-/- brown adipocytes. Our findings reveal a previously unappreciated and isoform-specific role for NT-PGC-1α in the regulation of mitochondrial transcription in brown adipocytes and provide new insight into the transcriptional control of mitochondrial respiration.

© 2017 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

Keywords: Adipocyte, Adipose tissue metabolism, Gene expression, Mitochondrial respiratory chain complex, mtDNA, Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) Bioblast editor: Kandolf G


Labels: MiParea: Respiration, mt-Biogenesis;mt-density, mtDNA;mt-genetics 


Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Fat  Preparation: Intact cells 


Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET  Pathway: ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

2017-08