Cavalcanti-de-Albuquerque 2017 Mol Neurobiol
|Cavalcanti-de-Albuquerque JP, de Souza Ferreira E, de Carvalho DP, Galina A (2017) Mitochondria-bound hexokinase (mt-HK) activity differ in cortical and hypothalamic synaptosomes: differential role of mt-HK in H2O2 depuration. Mol Neurobiol 55:5889-5900.|
Abstract: Glucose and oxygen are vital for the brain, as these molecules provide energy and metabolic intermediates that are necessary for cell function. The glycolysis pathway and mitochondria play a pivotal role in cell energy metabolism, which is closely related to reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Hexokinase (HK) is a key enzyme involved in glucose metabolism that modulates the level of brain mitochondrial ROS by recycling ADP for oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos). Here, we hypothesize that the control of mitochondrial metabolism by hexokinase differs in distinct areas of the brain, such as the cortex and hypothalamus, in which ROS might function as signaling molecules. Thus, we investigated mitochondrial metabolism of synaptosomes derived from both brain regions. Cortical synaptosomes (CSy) show a predominance of glutamatergic synapses, while in the hypothalamic synaptosomes (HSy), the GABAergic synapses predominate. Significant differences of oxygen consumption and ROS production were related to higher mitochondrial complex II activity (succinate dehydrogenase-SDH) in CSy rather than to mitochondrial number. Mitochondrial HK (mt-HK) activity was higher in CSy than in HSy regardless the substrate added. Mitochondrial O2 consumption related to mt-HK activation by 2-deoxyglucose was also higher in CSy. In the presence of substrate for complex II, the activation of synaptosomal mt-HK promoted depuration of ROS in both HSy and CSy, while ROS depuration did not occur in HSy when substrate for complex I was used. The impact of the mt-HK inhibition by glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) was the same in synaptosomes from both areas. Together, the differences found between CSy and HSy indicate specific roles of mt-HK and SDH on the metabolism of each brain region, what probably depends on the main metabolic route that is used by the neurons.
• Keywords: Bioenergetics, Brain, Hexokinase, Mitochondria, Succinate dehydrogenase, Synaptosome • Bioblast editor: Kandolf G • O2k-Network Lab: BR Rio de Janeiro Galina A, BR Rio de Janeiro Institute Biomedical Chemistry
Labels: MiParea: Respiration
Organism: Rat Tissue;cell: Nervous system Preparation: Intact cells
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS Pathway: N, S, Gp, ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k