Brooks 2022 J Physiol

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Brooks GA, Arevalo JA, Osmond AD, Leija RG, Curl CC, Tovar AP (2022) Lactate in contemporary biology: a phoenix risen.

» J Physiol 600:1229-51. PMID: 33566386 Open Access

Brooks GA, Arevalo JA, Osmond AD, Leija RG, Curl CC, Tovar AP (2022) J Physiol

Abstract: After a century, it's time to turn the page on understanding of lactate metabolism and appreciate that lactate shuttling is an important component of intermediary metabolism in vivo. Cell-cell and intracellular lactate shuttles fulfil purposes of energy substrate production and distribution, as well as cell signalling under fully aerobic conditions. Recognition of lactate shuttling came first in studies of physical exercise where the roles of driver (producer) and recipient (consumer) cells and tissues were obvious. Moreover, the presence of lactate shuttling as part of postprandial glucose disposal and satiety signalling has been recognized. Mitochondrial respiration creates the physiological sink for lactate disposal in vivo. Repeated lactate exposure from regular exercise results in adaptive processes such as mitochondrial biogenesis and other healthful circulatory and neurological characteristics such as improved physical work capacity, metabolic flexibility, learning, and memory. The importance of lactate and lactate shuttling in healthful living is further emphasized when lactate signalling and shuttling are dysregulated as occurs in particular illnesses and injuries. Like a phoenix, lactate has risen to major importance in 21st century biology.

Bioblast editor: Gnaiger E

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style 

Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle  Preparation: Intact organism 

Regulation: Aerobic glycolysis