Banh 2015 Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol
|Banh S, Wiens L, Sotiri E, Treberg JR (2015) Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production by fish muscle mitochondria: Potential role in acute heat-induced oxidative stress. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 191:99-107.|
Abstract: Acute heat challenge is known to induce cell-level oxidative stress in fishes. Mitochondria are well known for the capacity to make reactive oxygen species (ROS) and as such are often implicated as a source of the oxidants associated with this thermally-induced oxidative stress. This implication is often asserted, despite little direct data for mitochondrial ROS metabolism in fishes. Here we characterize mitochondrial ROS metabolism in three Actinopterygian fish species at two levels, the capacity for superoxide/H2O2 production and the antioxidant thiol-reductase enzyme activities. We find that red muscle mitochondria from all three species have measurable ROS production and respond to different assay conditions consistent with what might be anticipated; assuming similar relative contributions from difference ROS producing sites as found in rat skeletal muscle mitochondria. Although there are species and assay specific exceptions, fish mitochondria may have a greater capacity to produce ROS than that found in the rat when either normalized to respiratory capacity or determined at a common assay temperature. The interspecific differences in ROS production are not correlated with thiol-based antioxidant reductase activities. Moreover, mimicking an acute in vivo heat stress by comparing the impact of increasing assay temperature on these processes in vitro, we find evidence supporting a preferential activation of mitochondrial H2O2 production relative to the increase in the capacity of reductase enzymes to supply electrons to the mitochondrial matrix peroxidases. This supports the contention that mitochondria may be, at least in part, responsible for the ROS that lead to oxidative stress in fish tissues exposed to acute heat challenge.
• Keywords: Glutathione, Hydrogen peroxide, Superoxide, Thermal stress, Thioredoxin reductase, Amplex Red
• O2k-Network Lab: CA Winnipeg Treberg JR
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Comparative MiP;environmental MiP
Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS, Temperature Organism: Rat, Fishes Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle Preparation: Isolated mitochondria
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS Pathway: S HRR: Oxygraph-2k