Anderson 2009 J Clin Invest
|Anderson EJ, Lustig ME, Boyle KE, Woodlief TL, Kane DA, Lin C-T, Price JW, Kang L, Rabinovitch PS, Szeto HH, Houmard JA, Cortright RN, Wasserman DH, Neufer PD (2009) Mitochondrial H2O2 emission and cellular redox state link excess fat intake to insulin resistance in both rodents and humans. J Clin Invest 119:573-81.|
Abstract: High dietary fat intake leads to insulin resistance in skeletal muscle, and this represents a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress have been implicated in the disease process, but the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. Here we show that in skeletal muscle of both rodents and humans, a diet high in fat increases the H2O2-emitting potential of mitochondria, shifts the cellular redox environment to a more oxidized state, and decreases the redox-buffering capacity in the absence of any change in mitochondrial respiratory function. Furthermore, we show that attenuating mitochondrial H2O2emission, either by treating rats with a mitochondrial-targeted antioxidant or by genetically engineering the overexpression of catalase in mitochondria of muscle in mice, completely preserves insulin sensitivity despite a high-fat diet. These findings place the etiology of insulin resistance in the context of mitochondrial bioenergetics by demonstrating that mitochondrial H2O2 emission serves as both a gauge of energy balance and a regulator of cellular redox environment, linking intracellular metabolic balance to the control of insulin sensitivity.
• Keywords: Miotochondrial bioenergetics, Insulin resistance, Transgenic mice, Stress sensitive signalling kinases, NF-κB pathway, Mitochondrial H2O2-emitting potential, Amplex Red
Labels: MiParea: Respiration Pathology: Diabetes Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS Organism: Human, Mouse, Rat Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle Preparation: Permeabilized tissue Enzyme: Complex I, Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase, Uncoupling protein Regulation: Fatty acid Coupling state: OXPHOS, ET