Andersen 2016 Lancet
|Andersen LB, Mota J, Di Pietro L (2016) Update on the global pandemic of physical inactivity. Lancet 388:1255-6.|
Abstract: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a major burden worldwide. Health behaviours such as tobacco cessation, healthy dietary choices, and low alcohol consumption have all proven effective in the prevention and treatment of NCDs; however, less global attention has been given to the importance of an active lifestyle for disease prevention. In 2012, The Lancet published its first Series on physical activity, which increased awareness of the importance of physical activity in the prevention of NCDs, with a special emphasis on low-income and middle-income countries.
The Lancet now publishes the 2016 Series on physical activity with four papers that advance existing knowledge and extend the field of physical activity in public health in several important areas. The paper by James Sallis and colleagues provides updated information on global surveillance priorities, effective national health promotion strategies, and new areas of epidemiological research relating physical activity to improvements in brain health and cognitive function. They conclude that although more countries today have implemented physical activity surveillance systems and national strategies for promotion of physical activity, population physical activity levels have not increased. To that end, the Series paper by Rodrigo Reis and colleagues shows that although many physical activity interventions have tremendous potential for the prevention of NCDs, public health campaigns have struggled to implement these interventions on a large scale. Indeed, Reis and colleagues' review highlights that many interventions are effective in highly controlled research settings, but that to achieve successful scaling-up such interventions must be embedded within multiple sectors of a community for their health effects to be sustained.
Labels: MiParea: Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style