Toledo 2018 Obesity (Silver Spring)
|Toledo FGS, Dubé JJ, Goodpaster BH, Stefanovic-Racic M, Coen PM, DeLany JP (2018) Mitochondrial respiration is associated with lower energy expenditure and lower aerobic capacity in African American women. Obesity (Silver Spring) 26:903-9.|
Abstract: Reasons for the higher obesity prevalence in African American women (AAW) compared with Caucasian women (CW) are unknown. Energy expenditure and maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) are lower in AAW. It was hypothesized that these differences are explained by skeletal muscle characteristics, particularly mitochondrial content and function.
Multivariate regression analyses were used to examine the relationships between energy expenditure (resting and during a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp) and VO2max versus body composition, physical activity, and skeletal muscle mitochondrial measurements in AAW and CW.
In AAW, VO2max was lower (P < 0.0001). Body-composition-adjusted energy expenditure during the clamp was lower in AAW (P < 0.002). Physical activity was similar in both groups. After adjusting for mitochondrial respiration, racial differences in energy expenditure and VO2max were no longer present. Another novel finding was that a thermogenic response to the clamp was observed in CW (+53 ± 22 kcal/d; P < 0.03) but not in AAW (-19 ± 24 kcal/d; P = 0.43).
AAW and CW show differences in adjusted energy expenditure and aerobic capacity that are largely accounted for by differences in skeletal muscle mitochondrial oxidative characteristics. Further research is needed to determine whether lower mitochondrial respiration and lower thermogenesis are risk factors for obesity in AAW.
© 2018 The Obesity Society.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style
Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle Preparation: Permeabilized tissue
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET Pathway: F, N, NS HRR: Oxygraph-2k