Sirsat 2018 Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol
|Sirsat SKG, Dzialowski EM (2018) Ontogeny of skeletal and cardiac muscle mitochondria oxygen fluxes in two breeds of chicken. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 215:20-7.|
Abstract: From its earliest days of domestication, the domestic chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) has been selectively bred for specific traits. Decades of genetic selection have resulted in significant dissimilarities in metabolism and growth between breeds, in particular fast-growing broilers and highly productive layers. A chicken develops the capacity to elevate metabolism in response to decreases in ambient temperature upon hatching, including well-developed methods of regulating thermogenesis. However, a differential timing between incipient endothermic capacities of broiler and layer strains exists. Although both broiler and layer chicks show the hallmark rapid attainment of endothermic capacity of precocial birds, endothermic capacity of broilers matures faster than that of layers. Here we characterized changes in morphology and mitochondria physiology during the developmental transition as the animals become endothermic. Changes in body mass occurred at a faster rate in broilers, with hatching embryos showing significant increases over embryonic body mass, while layers did not exhibit significant differences in mass until after hatch. Heart and liver both exhibited rapid growth upon hatching that occurred with little change in body mass in both breeds. Skeletal and cardiac mitochondrial respiration capacity in broilers increased from the embryonic stage through hatching. Oxidative phosphorylation was more tightly coupled to ATP production in broilers than layer muscles during external pipping. By selecting for faster growth and higher meat yield, the physiological transition from ectothermy to endothermy was also affected: differences in whole-animal, tissue, and organelle responses are evident in these two divergent breeds of chicken.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration
Organism: Birds Tissue;cell: Heart, Skeletal muscle Preparation: Permeabilized tissue
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS Pathway: N, S, CIV, NS, ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k