Moretti-Almeida 2019 Fungal Genet Biol
|Moretti-Almeida G, Thomazella DPT, Pereira GAG, Monteiro G (2019) Heterologous expression of an alternative oxidase from Moniliophthora perniciosa in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: antioxidant function and in vivo platform for the study of new drugs against witches' broom disease. Fungal Genet Biol [Epub ahead of print].|
Abstract: The fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa is the causal agent of witches' broom disease (WBD), one of the most devastating diseases of cacao, the chocolate tree. Many strategies to control WBD have been tested so far, including the use of agrochemicals such as the strobilurins. Strobilurins are fungicides of the QoI family, and they are used in the control of a wide array of fungal diseases in many different crops, including cereals, field crops, fruits, tree nuts, and vegetables. These drugs act by specifically inhibiting fungal respiration at the Qo site of complex III, which is a component of the main mitochondrial respiratory chain. However, M. perniciosa is resistant to this family of chemicals. It has been postulated that this resistant phenotype is, at least in part, a result of the strong ability of this fungus to counteract the oxidative stress generated by the impairment of the main mitochondrial respiratory chain, through the activation of an alternative oxidase (Mp-AOX). To test this hypothesis, we expressed functional mitochondria-localized Mp-AOX in the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We demonstrated that heterologous expression of Mp-AOX strongly inhibits hydrogen peroxide production by mitochondria. It also diminishes the total cell amount of oxidized glutathione (GSSG), resulting in a fifty-fold higher GSH/GSSG ratio in cells expressing Mp-AOX than in wild type cells. In addition, Mp-AOX activity decreases yeast growth rate and leads to low biomass production. Therefore, we propose the use of this heterologous expression system to direct the development of new inhibitors of fungal AOX by comparing the differences in optical density of Mp-AOX-expressing cells in the presence and absence of potential AOX inhibitors. Together, our results confirm the antioxidant role of Mp-AOX and provide an in vivo platform to be used in the screening of new fungicides based on Mp-AOX inhibition.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.
• Keywords: AOX inhibitor screening, Moniliophthora perniciosa, Alternative oxidase function, Antioxidant protection, Chocolate, Oxidative burst, Witches’ broom disease • Bioblast editor: Plangger M
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, nDNA;cell genetics, Pharmacology;toxicology
Organism: Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Preparation: Isolated mitochondria
Coupling state: OXPHOS Pathway: ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k