Houghton 2018 Free Radic Biol Med
|Houghton MJ, Kerimi A, Tumova S, Boyle JP, Williamson G (2018) Quercetin preserves redox status and stimulates mitochondrial function in metabolically-stressed HepG2 cells. Free Radic Biol Med 129:296-309.|
Abstract: Hyperglycemia augments formation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) with associated mitochondrial damage and increased risk of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. We examined whether quercetin could reverse chronic high glucose-induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. Following long-term high glucose treatment, complex I activity was significantly decreased in isolated mitochondria from HepG2 cells. Quercetin dose-dependently recovered complex I activity and lowered cellular ROS generation under both high and normal glucose conditions. Respirometry studies showed that quercetin could counteract the detrimental increase in inner mitochondrial membrane proton leakage resulting from high glucose while it increased oxidative respiration, despite a decrease in electron transfer system (ETS) capacity, and lower non-ETS oxygen consumption. A quercetin-stimulated increase in cellular NAD+/NADH was evident within 2 h and a two-fold increase in PGC-1α mRNA within 6 h, in both normal and high glucose conditions. A similar pattern was also found for the mRNA expression of the repulsive guidance molecule b (RGMB) and its long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) RGMB-AS1 with quercetin, indicating a potential change of the glycolytic phenotype and suppression of aberrant cellular growth which is characteristic of the HepG2 cells. Direct effects of quercetin on PGC-1α activity were minimal, as quercetin only weakly enhanced PGC-1α binding to PPARα in vitro at higher concentrations. Our results suggest that quercetin may protect mitochondrial function from high glucose-induced stress by increasing cellular NAD+/NADH and activation of PGC-1α-mediated pathways. Lower ROS in combination with improved complex I activity and ETS coupling efficiency under conditions of amplified oxidative stress could reinforce mitochondrial integrity and improve redox status, beneficial in certain metabolic diseases.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology
Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Liver Preparation: Intact cells Enzyme: Complex I
Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET Pathway: ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k