Galina 2012 Abstract Bioblast
|Simonin V, Galina A (2012) Nitric oxide inhibits succinate dehydrogenase-driven oxygen consumption in potato tuber mitochondria in an oxygen tension-independent manner. Mitochondr Physiol Network 17.12.|
Event: Bioblast 2012
NO (nitric oxide) is described as an inhibitor of plant and mammalian respiratory chains owing to its high afﬁnity for COX (cytochrome c oxidase), which hinders the reduction of oxygen to water . In the present study we show that in plant mitochondria NO may interfere with other respiratory complexes as well . We analysed oxygen consumption supported by complex I and/or complex II and/or external NADH dehydrogenase in Percoll isolated potato tuber (Solanum tuberosum) mitochondria. When mitochondrial respiration was stimulated by succinate, adding the NO donors SNAP (S-nitroso-N-acetylDL-penicillamine) or DETA-NONOate caused a 70% reduction in oxygen consumption rate in state 3 (stimulated with 1 mM of ADP). This inhibition was followed by a signiﬁcant increase in the Km value of SDH (succinate dehydrogenase) for succinate (K of 0.77+/- 0.19 to 34.3 +/- 5.9 mM, in presence of NO). When mitochondrial respiration was stimulated by external NADH dehydrogenase or complex I, NO had no effect on respiration. NO itself and DETA-NONOate had similar effects to SNAP. No signiﬁcant inhibition of respiration was observed in the absence of ADP. More importantly, SNAP inhibited PTM (potato tuber mitochondria) respiration independently of oxygen tensions, indicating a different kinetic mechanism from that observed in mammalian mitochondria. We also observed, in an FAD reduction assay, that SNAP blocked the intrinsic SDH electron ﬂow in much the same way as TTFA (thenoyltriﬂuoroacetone), a non0competitive SDHinhibitor. We suggest that NOinhibits SDH in its ubiquinone site or its Fe–S centres. These data indicate that SDH has an alternative site of NO action in plant mitochondria .
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• Keywords: Plant mitochondria Solanum tuberosum, Nitric oxide
• O2k-Network Lab: BR Rio de Janeiro Galina A
Enzyme: Complex I, Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase, Complex IV;cytochrome c oxidase
Coupling state: OXPHOS Pathway: N, S, NS HRR: Oxygraph-2k
Vagner Simonin (1), Antonio Galina (1)
(1) Laboratório de Bioenergética e Fisiologia Mitocondrial, Programa de Biofísica e Bioquímica Celular, Instituto de Bioquímica Medica, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org