Carteri 2019 Toxicol Lett
|Carteri RB, Kopzynski A, Menegassi LN, Rodolphi MS, Strogulski NR, Portela LV (2019) Anabolic-androgen steroids effects on bioenergetics responsiveness of synaptic and extrasynaptic mitochondria. Toxicol Lett [Epub ahead of print].|
Abstract: We hypothesized that supraphysiological administration of the anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) like testosterone (TEST) and nandrolone decanoate (NAND) might differentially affect synaptic and extrasynaptic components of mitochondrial bioenergetics, thereby resulting in memory impairment. Oil (VEH), NAND or TEST (15 mg/Kg) were daily administered to male CF-1 albino mice for 19-days. We evaluated in the synaptosomes and extrasynaptic mitochondria, Ca2+ influx/efflux, membrane potential ΔѰm, oxidative respiratory states, dehydrogenases activity, H2O2 production, Tau phosphorylation, and spatial memory in the Morris water maze (MWM). In synaptosomes, both AAS increased Ca2+ influx and Na+ dependent efflux. In extrasynaptic mitochondria NAND increased the Ca2+ influx. NAND prominently impaired ΔѰm formation and dissipation in synaptosomal and extrasynaptical mitochondria, while the effect of TEST was less pronounced. TEST increased the Reserve Respiratory Capacity in synaptosomes, and NAND decreased dehydrogenases activity in synaptic and extrasynaptic mitochondria. Also, NAND increased H2O2 production by synaptosomes and extrasynaptic mitochondria. NAND increased pTauSer396 in synaptosomes. Both AAS did not impair memory performance on MWM. We highlight that high doses of NAND cause neurotoxic effects to components of synaptic and extrasynaptic mitochondrial bioenergetics, like calcium influx, membrane potential and H2O2 production. TEST was less neurotoxic to synaptic and extrasynaptic mitochondrial bioenergetics responses.
• Keywords: Testosterone, Nandrolone decanoate, Synaptic, Extrasynaptic, Ca2+ handling, Mitochondrial bioenergetics, Memory • Bioblast editor: Plangger M
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology
Organism: Mouse Tissue;cell: Nervous system Preparation: Isolated mitochondria
Regulation: Calcium Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET Pathway: N, NS, ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k