Britto 2018 BMC Biol
|Britto FA, Cortade F, Belloum Y, Blaquière M, Gallot YS, Docquier A, Pagano AF, Jublanc E, Bendridi N, Koechlin-Ramonatxo C, Chabi B, Francaux M, Casas F, Freyssenet D, Rieusset J, Giorgetti-Peraldi S, Carnac G, Ollendorff V, Favier FB (2018) Glucocorticoid-dependent REDD1 expression reduces muscle metabolism to enable adaptation under energetic stress. BMC Biol 16:65.|
Britto FA, Cortade F, Belloum Y, Blaquiere M, Gallot YS, Docquier A, Pagano AF, Jublanc E, Bendridi N, Koechlin-Ramonatxo C, Chabi B, Francaux M, Casas F, Freyssenet D, Rieusset J, Giorgetti-Peraldi S, Carnac G, Ollendorff V, Favier FB (2018) BMC Biol
Abstract: Skeletal muscle atrophy is a common feature of numerous chronic pathologies and is correlated with patient mortality. The REDD1 protein is currently recognized as a negative regulator of muscle mass through inhibition of the Akt/mTORC1 signaling pathway. REDD1 expression is notably induced following glucocorticoid secretion, which is a component of energy stress responses.
Unexpectedly, we show here that REDD1 instead limits muscle loss during energetic stresses such as hypoxia and fasting by reducing glycogen depletion and AMPK activation. Indeed, we demonstrate that REDD1 is required to decrease O2 and ATP consumption in skeletal muscle via reduction of the extent of mitochondrial-associated endoplasmic reticulum membranes (MAMs), a central hub connecting energy production by mitochondria and anabolic processes. In fact, REDD1 inhibits ATP-demanding processes such as glycogen storage and protein synthesis through disruption of the Akt/Hexokinase II and PRAS40/mTORC1 signaling pathways in MAMs. Our results uncover a new REDD1-dependent mechanism coupling mitochondrial respiration and anabolic processes during hypoxia, fasting, and exercise.
Therefore, REDD1 is a crucial negative regulator of energy expenditure that is necessary for muscle adaptation during energetic stresses. This present study could shed new light on the role of REDD1 in several pathologies associated with energetic metabolism alteration, such as cancer, diabetes, and Parkinson's disease.
• Keywords: Energy expenditure, Exercise, Fasting, Hypoxia, MAMs, Metabolism, Mitochondria, Skeletal muscle, mTOR • Bioblast editor: Plangger M, Kandolf G • O2k-Network Lab: FR Montpellier Wrutniak-Cabello C
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Genetic knockout;overexpression, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style
Organism: Mouse Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle Preparation: Permeabilized cells, Isolated mitochondria
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS Pathway: F, N, NS, Other combinations HRR: Oxygraph-2k